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Surgery Today

, 41:1370 | Cite as

Adequate lymph node examination is essential to ensure the prognostic value of the lymph node ratio in patients with stage III colorectal cancer

  • Manabu Shimomura
  • Satoshi Ikeda
  • Yuji Takakura
  • Yasuo Kawaguchi
  • Masakazu Tokunaga
  • Hiroyuki Egi
  • Takao Hinoi
  • Masazumi Okajima
  • Hideki Ohdan
Original Article

Abstract

Purpose

This study aimed to assess the prognostic value of the lymph node ratio (LNR), estimated by dividing the number of positive lymph nodes (LNs) by the number of LNs examined, for stage III colorectal cancer in comparison to the new tumor, nodes, and metastasis (TNM) system, and to evaluate the relationship between the number of LNs examined and the prognostic value of the LNR.

Methods

We retrospectively reviewed the clinicopathological data of a cohort of 266 patients with stage III colorectal cancer. We assessed the impact of LNR on the prediction of cancer recurrence in comparison to the TNM system, as well as the prognostic value of LNR in patients with a low LN count.

Results

In multivariate analysis, the LNR was found to be an independent risk factor of cancer recurrence. The application of the LNR, in addition to the new TNM system, was more predictive of survival than the TNM system alone. A prognostic separation by LNR was observed in patients who had an adequate number of LNs examined, but not in patients with a low LN count.

Conclusions

A stronger prognostic separation can be obtained by using the LNR together with the new TNM system. Adequate lymph node examination is important to ensure the prognostic value of LNR in patients with stage III colorectal cancer.

Key words

Colorectal cancer Lymph node ratio Lymph node examination TNM 7th edition 

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Copyright information

© Springer 2011

Authors and Affiliations

  • Manabu Shimomura
    • 1
  • Satoshi Ikeda
    • 2
  • Yuji Takakura
    • 1
  • Yasuo Kawaguchi
    • 1
  • Masakazu Tokunaga
    • 1
  • Hiroyuki Egi
    • 2
  • Takao Hinoi
    • 2
  • Masazumi Okajima
    • 2
  • Hideki Ohdan
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Surgery, Division of Frontier Medical Science, Programs for Biomedical Research, Graduate School of Biomedical SciencesHiroshima UniversityHiroshimaJapan
  2. 2.Department of Endoscopic Surgery and Surgical ScienceHiroshima UniversityHiroshimaJapan

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