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Surgery Today

, Volume 39, Issue 5, pp 393–398 | Cite as

Surgical management of colorectal cancer in patients with psychiatric disorders

  • Naoki Hashimoto
  • Naoki Isaka
  • Yoshiya Ishizawa
  • Toshihito Mitsui
  • Mutsuo Sasaki
Article

Abstract

Purpose

We analyzed the surgical data and evaluated the management of colorectal cancer (CRC) in patients with psychiatric disorders.

Methods

We reviewed the medical records of 83 patients who underwent elective surgery for CRC and divided them into a psychiatric disorder group and a control group to compare the operative data and available clinical information.

Results

Of the 83 patients, 27 had psychiatric disorders. The most characteristic symptom of CRC was bloody stool in the psychiatric disorder group, and occult blood in the control group. Postoperative pneumonia occurred significantly more often in the psychiatric group (14.8% vs 1.8%, P = 0.019). Patients with a psychiatric disorder needed significantly more psychotropic drugs (70.4% vs 7.1%, P < 0.001), more physical restraint (44.4% vs 12.5%, P = 0.001), and exhibited more resistant behavior (51.9% vs 8.9%, P < 0.001) postoperatively than the controls. Moreover, a significant decrease in serum albumin (Alb) and total protein (TP) was seen in the psychiatric disorder group on postoperative days (PODs) 21 and 28. A psychiatric disorder was a significant predictive factor for a decrease in TP (odds ratio [OR] 24.2) and Alb (OR 8.6).

Conclusions

Insufficient nutrition in the psychiatric disorder group was not attributable solely to the higher incidence of postoperative complications. As psychiatric disorders compromise nutrition, integral treatment provided by surgeons and psychiatrists would improve the nutritional status of these patients and reduce the incidence of postoperative morbidity.

Key words

Psychiatric disorder Colorectal cancer Surgery Complications Nutrition 

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Copyright information

© Springer 2009

Authors and Affiliations

  • Naoki Hashimoto
    • 1
    • 2
  • Naoki Isaka
    • 1
  • Yoshiya Ishizawa
    • 1
  • Toshihito Mitsui
    • 1
  • Mutsuo Sasaki
    • 2
  1. 1.Department of SurgeryHakodate Watanabe HospitalHakodateJapan
  2. 2.Department of SurgeryHirosaki University School of MedicineHirosakiJapan

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