Laparoscopic cholecystectomy in patients with a history of gastrectomy
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Previous gastrectomy has been considered a relative contraindication to laparoscopic cholecystectomy (LC). The aim of this study was to evaluate the safety and efficacy of LC in patients with a history of gastrectomy.
From a database of 1 104 consecutive patients with symptomatic gallstone disease, who underwent LC between April 1992 and January 2007, 51 (4.6%) had undergone previous gastrectomy: for gastric cancer (n = 36) or gastroduodenal ulcer (n = 15). We compared the operative time, blood loss, conversion rate, morbidity rate, diet resumption, and postoperative hospital stay between patients with, and those without, a history of gastrectomy.
The incidence of common bile duct stones was significantly higher (33.3% vs 8.6%, P < 0.001) and operative time was significantly longer (111.2 min vs 77.9 min, P < 0.001) in the patients with a history of gastrectomy. There was no significant difference in operative time between the first-half and second-half periods. Conversion to an open cholecystectomy was required in two patients. There was no significant difference between the two groups in blood loss, conversion rate, morbidity rate, diet resumption, or postoperative hospital stay.
Laparoscopic cholecystectomy is a safe and effective treatment for symptomatic gallstone disease in patients with a history of gastrectomy, although previous gastrectomy is associated with an increased need for adhesiolysis and a longer operative time.
Key wordsLaparoscopic cholecystectomy Previous surgery Gastrectomy Gallstone
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