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Continuous intraperitoneal insulin infusion: an alternative route for insulin delivery in type 1 diabetes

  • S. Pasquini
  • G. Da Prato
  • G. Tonolo
  • E. Bonora
  • M. TrombettaEmail author
Case Report

Background

Continuous intraperitoneal insulin infusion (CIPII) with implantable pump has been employed for almost 30 years as an alternative route for insulin delivery when SC insulin therapy has failed [1]. CIPII mimics physiology more closely than standard therapies because most of the insulin is absorbed through the portal venous system. This route allows a faster, after meal, glucose normalization with reproducible and more predictable insulin profiles even than continuous subcutaneous insulin infusion (CSII); it not only improves hepatic uptake and lowers peripheral plasma insulin levels, but also optimizes glucagon secretion and hepatic glucose production. The current uses of CIPII are severe SC insulin resistance, poor glycemic control with high daily insulin doses, severe hypoglycemia during SC insulin therapy, skin disorders, SC site issues, lipoatrophy with SC insulin and “brittle diabetes” [2].

Case presentation

A 42-year-old Italian woman with type 1 diabetes was admitted...

Notes

Compliance with ethical standards

Conflict of interest

The authors declare no competing interests for this manuscript.

Ethical statement

The patient agreed to the description of her clinical story, anonymously.

Informed consent

The patient has given her informed consent for the case report to be published, preserving anonymity.

References

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Italia S.r.l., part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • S. Pasquini
    • 1
  • G. Da Prato
    • 1
  • G. Tonolo
    • 2
  • E. Bonora
    • 1
  • M. Trombetta
    • 1
    Email author
  1. 1.Division of Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolic Diseases, Department of MedicineUniversity of VeronaVeronaItaly
  2. 2.SC Diabetologia Aziendale, ASSLOlbiaItaly

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