Soluble programmed death-1 ligand 1(sPD-L1) is significantly reduced in the serum of type 1 diabetes patients
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This study was funded by grants from the National Natural Science Foundation of China (Grant Number 81600607 to Chen Fang, and 81502865 to Yun Huang). This work was supported by the Open Research Project of Shanghai Key Laboratory of Diabetes Mellitus (SHKLD-KF-1604).
Compliance with ethical standards
Conflict of interest
The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.
Ethical standard statement
All procedures followed were in accordance with the ethical standards of the responsible committee on human experimentation (institutional and national) and with the 1975 Declaration of Helsinki, as revised in 2008.
Human and animal rights
This article does not contain any studies with human or animal subjects performed by the any of the authors.
Informed consent was obtained from all patients for being included in the study.
- 4.Gauci M-L, Laly P, Vidal-Trecan T (2017) Autoimmune diabetes induced by PD-1 inhibitor-retrospective analysis and pathogenesis: a case report and literature review. Cancer Immunol Immunother. https://doi.org/10.1007/s00262-017-2033-8