Acta Diabetologica

, Volume 48, Issue 3, pp 197–202 | Cite as

Excess mortality in middle-aged men with diabetes aged 15–34 years at diagnosis

  • Carina TörnEmail author
  • Sofie Ingemansson
  • Ulf Lindblad
  • Soffia Gudbjörnsdottir
  • on behalf of the DISS study group
Original Article


The aim of this study is to assess mortality risk and the excess of risk in patients with diabetes. Patients were 15–34 years old at diagnosis of diabetes mellitus (n = 879) in 1992 and 1993 in this national cohort from Sweden. Healthy controls were matched for gender and birth on the same day as the index cases (n = 837). The civic registration number was used to link patients and controls to the Swedish Cause of Death Registry. During follow-up, 3.3% (29/879) of patients and 1.1% (9/837; P = 0.002) of controls died. The risk for a patient with diabetes to die was almost threefold increased compared with healthy controls; hazard ratio, 2.9 (95% CI 1.4–6.2). This increased risk was significant in men; hazard ratio, 2.8 (95% CI 1.2–6.5). Diabetes as the underlying cause of death accounted for 38% (11/29) of deaths among patients. Most patients, 55% (16/29), died at home, remaining patients in hospital, 28% (8/29), or elsewhere 17% (5/29) compared to controls of whom 33% (3/9; P = 0.45) died at home, 33% (3/9; P = 1.0) in hospital, and 33% (3/9; P = 0.36) elsewhere. Only 55% (16/29) of patients had a specified day of death on death certificates compared to 100% (9/9; P = 0.016) of controls. Adult men with diabetes had an almost threefold increased risk to die within 15 years of diagnosis compared to healthy men. Most middle-aged patients with diabetes died at home and often without a specified date of death recorded.


Mortality Natural history Risk analysis Retrospective case–control study 



This study was funded by The Crafoord Foundation, Lund, Sweden by a research grant (20080671) to CT. The present members of the DISS-study group are Hans Arnquist, Linköping, Jan Bolinder, Stockholm, Mona Landin-Olsson, Lund, Olov Rolandsson, Umeå, Soffia Gudbjörnsdottir (President), Gothenburg and Lennarth Nyström, Umeå. The baseline study from onset of diabetes and the first 6 years of disease with yearly blood sampling as well as the matched control study was funded by National Institutes of Health, NIH grant DK 42,654 to Åke Lernmark, Malmö, Sweden. Abstracts of less than 300 words were submitted to the 45th Annual Meeting of the Scandinavian Society for the Study of Diabetes (SSSD) 6–8 May 2010 and to the 46th EASD Annual Meeting 20–24 September 2010.

Conflict of interest statement

The authors of this manuscript declare no conflicts of interests.


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 2011

Authors and Affiliations

  • Carina Törn
    • 1
    Email author
  • Sofie Ingemansson
    • 1
  • Ulf Lindblad
    • 2
  • Soffia Gudbjörnsdottir
    • 3
  • on behalf of the DISS study group
  1. 1.Unit for Diabetes and Celiac Disease, Wallenberg Laboratory, Skåne University HospitalLund UniversityMalmöSweden
  2. 2.Department of Primary Health CareUniversity of GothenburgGothenburgSweden
  3. 3.NHVThe Nordic Research Academy for Global HealthGothenburgSweden

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