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Acta Diabetologica

, Volume 40, Supplement 1, pp s162–s164 | Cite as

The impact of nutrition support on body composition in cancer outpatients receiving radiotherapy

  • E. IsenringEmail author
  • S. Capra
  • J. Bauer
  • P. S. W. Davies
ORIGINAL

Abstract.

This study investigated the change in body composition in 36 cancer outpatients receiving radiotherapy to the head and neck area (mean age: 63 ± 15 years) randomised to receive either nutrition intervention (NI; n=15) or usual care (UC; n=21). Body weight and composition were measured at the commencement of radiotherapy and 3 months later. The UC group lost significantly more weight; mean decrease = 4.3 kg, than the NI group: mean decrease = 1.1 kg (t(30)=-2.5, p=0.019). Fat-free mass loss was significantly higher in the UC group with a mean loss of 2.2 kg versus 0.3 kg in the NI group (t(30)=- 2.3, p=0.029). Body composition as measured by foot-to-foot bioelectrical impedance analysis provides more information than weight alone and can allow for tailoring of NI.

Key words

Cancer Nutrition support Body composition Supplements Outcomes 

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Italia 2003

Authors and Affiliations

  • E. Isenring
    • 1
    • 2
    Email author
  • S. Capra
    • 1
  • J. Bauer
    • 1
    • 2
  • P. S. W. Davies
    • 3
  1. 1.Centre for Public Health ResearchQueensland University of TechnologyBrisbaneAustralia
  2. 2.The Wesley Research InstituteBrisbaneAustralia
  3. 3.Children’s Nutrition Research Centre Royal Children’s HospitalUniversity of QueenslandBrisbaneAustralia

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