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Outcomes of knee replacement in patients with posttraumatic arthritis due to previous tibial plateau fracture

  • Zachariah Pinter
  • Aaradhana Jivendra Jha
  • Andrew McGee
  • Kyle Paul
  • Sung Lee
  • Alex Dombrowsky
  • Sameer NaranjeEmail author
  • Ashish Shah
Original Article • KNEE - ARTHROPLASTY
  • 15 Downloads

Abstract

Introduction

Tibial plateau fractures are routinely treated with open reduction internal fixation (ORIF); however, the long-term results of ORIF are unclear. The purpose of the current study is to evaluate outcomes in these patients, including: the rate of conversion of ORIF to total knee arthroplasty (TKA), the relationship between elevated inflammatory markers after the initial ORIF and subsequent infection in TKA, and the rationale behind performing the conversion to TKA in one step versus two steps.

Methods

Using current procedural terminology (CPT) codes, we assembled a cohort of 891 patients (933 knees) who underwent ORIF for a tibial plateau fracture from 2007 to 2017 at the investigating institution. The patients were then reviewed for pertinent demographic information and for the outcomes of interest.

Results

Of the 933 knees, a total of 20 knees (2.15%) required conversion from ORIF to TKA. Of the 20 knees that underwent conversion to TKA, three were performed as a two-stage conversion. Of the 20 knees that underwent TKA, seven experienced postoperative arthrofibrosis, four experienced postoperative infection, and four required revision.

Conclusion

Our retrospective study suggests that the need for conversion to TKA is uncommon following ORIF of a tibial plateau fracture. Furthermore, the conversion to TKA can be performed as a one- or two-stage procedure, and based on our study, we suggest that there may be higher rates of infection with the single stage conversion.

Level of evidence

Level III, Retrospective study.

Keywords

Tibial plateau fracture Inflammatory markers Erythrocyte sedimentation rate Open reduction internal fixation Total knee arthroplasty 

Notes

Compliance with ethical standards

The research that was conducted and detailed in this manuscript complies with the current laws of the country in which it was performed.

Conflict of interest

All authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag France SAS, part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Zachariah Pinter
    • 1
  • Aaradhana Jivendra Jha
    • 1
  • Andrew McGee
    • 1
  • Kyle Paul
    • 1
  • Sung Lee
    • 1
  • Alex Dombrowsky
    • 1
  • Sameer Naranje
    • 1
    Email author
  • Ashish Shah
    • 1
  1. 1.University of Alabama at BirminghamBirminghamUSA

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