TEN versus external fixator in the management of pediatric diaphyseal femoral fractures: evaluation of the outcomes
Over the last 20 years, the incidence of pediatric diaphyseal femoral fractures was increased, due to changes in the children’s daily activities. The healing times are different according to the chosen treatment and to other factors such as age, type of fracture, involvement of the soft tissues, and concomitance with other injuries.
Materials and methods
From 2000 to 2015, 38 pediatric patients with diaphyseal femoral fractures were surgically treated and enrolled in the study. The average age of the patients was between 3 and 15 years. Twenty-two patients were treated with endomedullary titanium nails (TEN) and the other 16 with external axial fixators. Comparing the two groups, radiographic images were taken to assess the fracture reduction and consolidation.
The average follow-up was 14 months. The average time needed to remove the TEN nails was 5 months; while 2.5 months was the time to remove the external fixator. At the final follow-up, there were no differences between two groups in term of significant rotation defects, angulation, growth, and/or nonunion.
This study showed that TENS and external fixation have similar results in term of fracture healing and complication, even if patients treated with TENS are more satisfied.
KeywordsPediatric fractures Femoral fractures TEN External fixator
Compliance with ethical standards
Conflict of interest
The authors declare that they have no conflicts of interest.
Human and animal rights
This type of study does not require any statement relating to studies on humans and animals. All patients gave the informed consent prior to being included into the study. All procedures involving human participants were in accordance with the 1964 Declaration of Helsinki and its later amendments.
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