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Comparison of artificial cervical arthroplasty versus anterior cervical discectomy and fusion for one-level cervical degenerative disc disease: a meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials

  • Jiaquan Luo
  • Sheng Huang
  • Min Gong
  • Xuejun Dai
  • Manman Gao
  • Ting Yu
  • Zhiyu Zhou
  • Xuenong ZouEmail author
Original Article

Abstract

Purpose

The aim of the study was to evaluate whether there is a superior clinical effect of artificial cervical arthroplasty compared with anterior cervical discectomy and fusion (ACDF) for the treatment of one-level cervical degenerative disc disease (CDDD).

Methods

A comprehensive literature search of multiple databases, including PubMed, ScienceDirect, Scopus, Embase, Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials, was conducted to identify studies that met the inclusion criteria. Methodological quality was assessed and relevant data were extracted, and if appropriate, meta-analysis was performed.

Results

Thirteen randomized controlled trials were identified. At 24 months post-operatively, total disc replacement (TDR) was demonstrated to be more beneficial for patients compared with ACDF for the following outcomes: neurological success [odds ratio (OR) 1.92; 95 % confidence interval (CI) 1.47–2.49; p < 0.00001], range of motion [mean differences (MD), 6.67; 95 % CI 4.82–8.53; p < 0.00001], secondary surgical procedures (OR 0.50; 95 % CI 0.37–0.68; p < 0.00001), and visual analogue scale neck pain scores (MD −5.99; 95 % CI −10.54 to −1.45; p = 0.001) and visual analogue scale arm pain scores (MD −3.23; 95 % CI −6.48 to 0.02; p = 0.004). Other outcomes, including length of the hospital stay (MD −0.03; 95 % CI −0.18 to 0.12; p = 0.68), blood loss (MD 6.92 mL; 95 % CI −3.09 to 16.92 mL; p = 0.18), Neck Disability Index scores (MD −1.00; 95 % CI −5.28 to 3.28; p = 0.65) and rate of adverse events [risk ratio (RR), 0.93; 95 % CI 0.76–1.15; p = 0.52] demonstrated no differences between the 2 groups. Although the TDR group had a significantly longer operation time than the ACDF group, it was not considered clinically important.

Conclusions

For patients with one-level CDDD, TDR was found to be more superior than ACDF in terms of neurological success, secondary surgical procedures, visual analogue scale pain scores and range of motion at 24 months post-operatively. Therefore, cervical arthroplasty is a safe and effective surgical procedure for treating one-level CDDD. We suggest adopting TDR on a large scale; with failure of TDR, ACDF would be performed.

Keywords

ACDF CDDD TDR 

Notes

Acknowledgments

The present study was financially supported by National Programme on Key Basic Research Project (973 Programme; Grant No. 2012CB619105).

Conflict of interest

The authors declare that they have no conflicts of interest concerning this article.

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag France 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  • Jiaquan Luo
    • 1
  • Sheng Huang
    • 1
  • Min Gong
    • 1
  • Xuejun Dai
    • 1
  • Manman Gao
    • 1
  • Ting Yu
    • 1
  • Zhiyu Zhou
    • 1
  • Xuenong Zou
    • 1
    Email author
  1. 1.Department of Spine Surgery/Orthopaedic Research InstituteThe First Affiliated Hospital of Sun Yat-sen UniversityGuangzhouPeople’s Republic of China

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