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Lumbar epidural and cervical facet joint injection techniques

  • Karsten Wiechert
Open Operating Theatre (OOT)

Keywords

Lumbar injections Cervical injections X-ray guidance Epidural Cervical spine Lumbar spine 

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Notes

Compliance with ethical standards

Conflict of interest

The author declares that there is no conflict of interest.

Supplementary material

586_2018_5661_MOESM1_ESM.wmv (329 mb)
Supplementary material 1 (WMV 336901 kb)

References

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    Bogduk N (ed) (2013) Practice guidelines for spinal diagnostic and treatment procedures, 2nd edn. International Spine Intervention Society, San Francisco, pp 137–138, 597–598Google Scholar
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    Boswell MV, Singh V, Staats PS, Hirsch JA (2003) Accuracy of precision diagnostic blocks in the diagnosis of chronic spinal pain of facet or zygapophysial joint origin. Pain Physician 6(4):449–456PubMedGoogle Scholar
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    Manchukonda R, Manchikanti KN, Cash KA, Pampati V, Manchikanti L (2007) Facet joint pain in chronic spinal pain: an evaluation of prevalence and false-positive rate of diagnostic blocks. J Spinal Disord Tech 20(7):539–545CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
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    Saal JS (2002) General principles of diagnostic testing as related to painful lumbar spine disorders: a critical appraisal of current diagnostic techniques. Spine 27(22):2538–2545 (discussion 2546) CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
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    Sehgal N, Dunbar EE, Shah RV, Colson J (2007) Systematic review of diagnostic utility of facet (zygapophysial) joint injections in chronic spinal pain: an update. Pain Physician 10(1):213–228PubMedGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Spine CenterSchön Clinic Munich HarlachingMunichGermany
  2. 2.Academic Teaching Hospital and Spine Research Institute of the Paracelsus Medical University (PMU)SalzburgAustria

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