European Spine Journal

, Volume 27, Supplement 3, pp 501–509 | Cite as

Cervical hemivertebra resection and torticollis correction: report on two cases and literature review

  • Shaofu Wang
  • Jing Li
  • Guohua Lü
  • Bing Wang
  • Xiaobin WangEmail author
Case Report



Hemivertebra of the cervical spine is a rare but complex spinal malformation. To our knowledge, only one publication describes excision of an upper–middle cervical (between C2 and C4) hemivertebra. We present our experience with two cases of C3 hemivertebra resection and torticollis correction via a combined anterior–posterior–anterior surgical approach and short segment fixation.


Two 12-year-old patients with torticollis due to congenital C3 hemivertebra underwent surgery consisting of combined anterior vertebral body osteotomy, posterior element resection with segment instrumentation and deformity correction, and iliac bone graft reconstruction and fixation via an anterior approach. During the osteotomies, the transverse process accompanied with the vertebral artery was disconnected and freed away from the spinal column. Then the deformity was corrected without touching the vertebral artery, which made the procedure safe and comfortable. The details of this technique are presented. Pre- and postoperative radiographic features, as well as clinical outcomes were evaluated.


The treatment process was uneventful. The patients had satisfactory clinical outcomes at a mean of 1.5 years follow-up. Head tilt and chin rotation were corrected completely. Radiographs showed favorable deformity correction, well-balanced coronal and sagittal alignment, and solid bony fusion.


Combined anterior–posterior–anterior hemivertebra resection with short segment instrumentation is a reasonable option for the treatment of congenital cervical hemivertebra, which provided satisfactory deformity correction and good clinical outcomes.

Level of evidence



Congenital deformity Cervical scoliosis Torticollis Hemivertebra resection Surgical approach 


Compliance with ethical statement

IRB approval statement

This study was approved by the Institutional Review Board of The Second Xiangya Hospital, Central South University.

Conflict of interest

The authors declare that they have no competing interests.

Ethical approval

This study has been approved by the ethics and research committee of The Second Xiangya Hospital, Central South University.

Informed consent

All the patients signed an informed consent prior to inclusion in this study.


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Shaofu Wang
    • 1
  • Jing Li
    • 1
  • Guohua Lü
    • 1
  • Bing Wang
    • 1
  • Xiaobin Wang
    • 1
    Email author
  1. 1.Department of Spine Surgery, The Second Xiangya HospitalCentral South UniversityChangshaPeople’s Republic of China

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