European Spine Journal

, Volume 27, Issue 8, pp 1949–1955 | Cite as

Full endoscopic lumbar interbody fusion (FELIF): technical note

  • Myung Soo Youn
  • Jong Ki ShinEmail author
  • Tae Sik Goh
  • Jung Sub Lee
Ideas and Technical Innovations



Interbody fusion by open discectomy is the usual treatment for degenerative lumbar disease but requires a relatively long recovery period. Prevalent several interbody fusion methods have shown limitations by its own character. Full endoscopic lumbar interbody fusion (FELIF) has advantages in direct decompression of pathology with minimal invasive technique. We report novel technique of endoscopic fusion method through full guided with endoscopic view monitoring system.


The authors provide an introduction of FELIF technique followed by a description of the technical steps with discussion on its indications and advantages. In particular, tips to shorten operation time, simplify technical steps, and avoid complications are also presented.


FELIF is a safe and effective interbody fusion option to decompress the lumbar exiting nerve root and ventral side of dura directly with minimal invasive situation.

Graphical abstract

These slides can be retrieved under Electronic Supplementary Material.


Full Endoscopic Lumbar Interbody Fusion 


Compliance with ethical standards

Conflict of interest

The authors declare that they have no competing interests.

Supplementary material

586_2018_5521_MOESM1_ESM.pptx (4.2 mb)
Supplementary material 1 (PPTX 4263 kb)


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Orthopaedic SurgeryMyungeun HospitalBusanSouth Korea
  2. 2.Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Biomedical Research InstitutePusan National University School of MedicineBusanSouth Korea

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