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European Spine Journal

, Volume 27, Supplement 3, pp 446–452 | Cite as

Neoadjuvant denosumab for the treatment of a sacral osteoblastoma

  • Jeremy J. Reynolds
  • Dominique A. Rothenfluh
  • Nick Athanasou
  • Shaun Wilson
  • David C. Kieser
Case Report
  • 111 Downloads

Abstract

Purpose

To present a case of aggressive sacral osteoblastoma (OB) treated with neoadjuvant denosumab therapy and en bloc resection.

Methods

Case report of a 14-year-old male with an aggressive OB affecting the superior articular process of the left first sacral segment. The lesion was lytic and metabolically active and involved the left-sided posterior elements of S1–S3 with extension into the spinal canal, affecting the left S1, S2, S3, S4 and S5 nerve roots. He was treated for 1 month with neoadjuvant denosumab followed by en bloc resection.

Results

Denosumab therapy caused regression of the tumour and converted the diffuse infiltrative mass into a well-defined solid (osteoma-like) structure, aiding surgical resection and preserving the S1, S4 and S5 nerve roots. Histologically, the treated lesion showed abundant sclerotic woven bone and osteoblasts with absence of osteoclasts.

Conclusions

A short course of denosumab caused tumour regression, ossification and conversion of an aggressive OB into a sclerotic, well-defined lesion thus aiding surgical resection and preservation of neural structures. Neoadjuvant therapy reduced osteoclast numbers but PET showed that the lesion remained FDG avid post-therapy.

Keywords

Osteoblastoma Denosumab RANK Tumour 

Notes

Acknowledgements

Glynny Kieser for her editorial input and Sarah Turton for typing the manuscript.

Compliance with ethical standards

Conflict of interest

None of the authors has any potential conflict of interest.

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Jeremy J. Reynolds
    • 1
  • Dominique A. Rothenfluh
    • 1
  • Nick Athanasou
    • 1
  • Shaun Wilson
    • 1
  • David C. Kieser
    • 1
    • 2
  1. 1.Division of Spinal SurgeryUniversity of OxfordOxfordUK
  2. 2.Department of Orthopaedic Surgery and Musculoskeletal MedicineCanterbury District Health BoardChristchurchNew Zealand

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