Extreme proximal junctional kyphosis—a complication of delayed lambdoid suture closure in Hajdu–Cheney syndrome: a case report and literature review
To describe the manifestations, surgical treatment, and potential complications of Hajdu–Cheney syndrome (HCS), and the management of these complications.
The clinical presentation, management and outcome of HCS with severe osteoporosis and open skull sutures is presented, together with a literature review.
A 20-year-old female with HCS underwent posterior occipitocervical fusion for symptoms of progressive basilar invagination. Because of delayed lambdoid suture closure, the stiff fusion construct lead to increased suture distraction, most notably in the upright (suture-open) position, with relief in the supine (suture-closed) position. This was successfully remedied with extension of the fusion construct anteriorly over the skull vertex to the frontal bones.
In patients with HCS and other conditions with delayed suture closure, the surgeon must be cognizant of the presence of mobility at the suture lines, and consider extending the fusion construct anteriorly over the skull vertex up to the frontal bones. Because of significant osteoporosis in these syndromes, multiple fixation points and augmentation with bone graft are important principles.
KeywordsHajdu–Cheney syndrome Platybasia Calvarial sutures Wormian bones Cranial nerves
Compliance with ethical standards
Conflict of interest
None of the authors has any potential conflict of interest.
- 12.Leidig-Bruckner G, Pfeilschifter J, Penning N, Limberg B, Priemel M, Delling G, Ziegler R (1999) Severe osteoporosis in familial Hajdu–Cheney syndrome: progression of acro-osteolysis and osteoporosis during long-term follow-up. J Bone Miner Res 14:2036–2041. https://doi.org/10.1359/jbmr.1918.104.22.1686 CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
- 17.DeWald CJ, Stanley T (2006) Instrumentation-related complications of multilevel fusions for adult spinal deformity patients over age 65: surgical considerations and treatment options in patients with poor bone quality. Spine 31:S144–S151. https://doi.org/10.1097/01.brs.0000236893.65878.39 CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar