New method for correction of lumbo-sacral kyphosis deformity in patient with high pelvic incidence
We describe a novel technique of bilateral longitudinal sacral osteotomy allowing direct reduction of high pelvic incidence (PI) and correction of sagittal imbalance.
A 25-year-old female patient presented with a disabling lumbo-sacral kyphosis fused in situ through previous operations with residual low-grade wound infection and grade IV L5/S1 spondylolisthesis with severity index (SI) of 65%. A two-stage correction was performed. First anterior in situ fixation of the L4–L5–S1 segments was performed using a hollow modular anchorages (HMA) screw and L3/L4 anterior interbody cage. The second stage consisted of instrumentation of the lower lumbar spine and pelvis; placement of an S1 transverse K-wire as pivot point and bilateral longitudinal sacral osteotomy which allowed for gradual retroversion of the central sacrum relative to the pelvis.
Sacrum was derotated by 30° which allowed to restore spinal sagittal balance and decrease SI by 15%. Postoperative recovery was complicated by a flare up of the pre-existing deep wound infection.
Bilateral longitudinal sacral osteotomy appears to be a safe and efficient way of correcting the sagittal imbalance caused by an extremely high PI. Although technically demanding, it achieves good radiological and functional outcomes and avoids entering the spinal canal.