European Spine Journal

, Volume 25, Issue 4, pp 1204–1210 | Cite as

Severe back pain in elite athletes: a cross-sectional study on 929 top athletes of Germany

  • Saskia Sarah Schulz
  • Klaus Lenz
  • Karin Büttner-Janz
Original Article



The cross-sectional study evaluates the incidence, localization, treatment, and influencing factors of back pain (BP) in Germany’s elite athletes.


An online questionnaire was sent out to 3564 top athletes. We used the VAS to identify the intensity of BP and SPSS for statistical analyses.


929 athletes responded. 514 (55.3 %) had BP within the last 12 months, mainly located in the lumbar spine (n = 293, 56.1 %). The average pain intensity was 5.75/10. Back-affecting exercise and additional burdens (e.g. at their place of work) did not increase the intensity of BP. When dividing the athletes into two groups according to the BP intensity, BP did not correlate with gender, age or BMI.


At least every tenth athlete suffers temporarily from low BP at a level at which spine surgery could be the only option to relieve the pain. BP occurs independently of back-affecting training and additional stress. Further evaluation is needed to identify factors for avoiding severe BP in top athletes.


Back pain Elite athletes Sport Spine 


Compliance with ethical standards

Conflict of interest



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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2015

Authors and Affiliations

  • Saskia Sarah Schulz
    • 1
  • Klaus Lenz
    • 2
  • Karin Büttner-Janz
    • 3
  1. 1.Charité Universitätsmedizin BerlinBerlinGermany
  2. 2.Institute of Biomedical Biometrics and Clinical EpidemiologyCharité Universitätsmedizin BerlinBerlinGermany
  3. 3.Büttner-Janz SpinefoundationCharité Universitätsmedizin BerlinBerlinGermany

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