Low back pain status of female university students in relation to different sport activities
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To investigate the prevalence of low back pain (LBP) and its absence rate among female university student athletes in different types of sports.
A cross-sectional study based on a standard self-reporting questionnaire was performed among 1335 athletes. Participants were female athletes who attended the National Sports Olympiad of Female University Students in basketball, volleyball, futsal, tennis, badminton, swimming, track and field, shooting, and karate.
One thousand and fifty-nine athletes with the mean (SD) age of 23.1 (3.8) years responded to the questionnaire (response rate 79 %). The 12-month prevalence of LBP was 39.0 %; in addition, lifetime and point prevalence of LBP were 59.7 and 17.8 %, respectively. Basketball (47.9 %) and karate (44.0 %) players had reported the highest 12-month prevalence of LBP. Also, LBP prevalences in shooting (29.7 %) and badminton (42.4 %) players were not negligible. Results show that, LBP led to relatively high absence rate from training sessions (27.9 %) and matches (13.0 %).
While most of the existing literatures regarding female athletes’ LBP have focused on particular sports with specific low back demands (such as skiing and rowing), many other sports have not been studied very well in this regard. Investigating LBP prevalence and related factors in other types of sports, such as combat sports, badminton and shooting, can help us better understand the prevalence of low back pain and provide us with necessary insight to take effective steps towards its prevention in athletes.
KeywordsCompetitive sports Lumbar pain Prevalence
This research has been supported by Tehran University of Medical Sciences and health Services grant.
Conflict of interest
The authors have no conflicts of interest to declare.
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