Predictors of kyphotic deformity in osteoporotic vertebral compression fractures: a radiological study
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To report the radiological predictors of kyphotic deformity in osteoporotic vertebral compression fractures (OVCF).
This is a retrospective study of 64 consecutive patients with OVCF. We studied the radiographic features in the immediate post-injury image of patients, who developed significant (more than 30°) segmental kyphotic deformity at final follow-up and compared them with those patients who did not.
Thirty-three (82.5 %) out of 40 patients with fracture at thoracolumbar (TL) junction, 5 (33.3 %) patients out of 15 with fracture at lumbar (L) spine and 7 (77.7 %) patients out of 9 with fracture at thoracic (T) spine developed significant segmental kyphotic deformity. Forty-one (75.9 %) [TL-33 (80.5 %), L-4 (33.33 %) and T-4 (80 %)] out of 54 [TL-37 (68.51 %), L-12 (22.23 %) and T-5 (9.26 %)] patients with superior endplate fracture developed significant segmental kyphotic deformity. Forty patients (86.9 %) [TL-28 (70 %), L-6 (15 %) and T-6 (15 %)] out of 46 [TL-32 (69.56 %), L-8 (17.4 %) and T-6 (13.04 %)] with anterior cortical wall fracture developed significant segmental kyphotic deformity. Five patients (71.42 %) [TL-2 (40 %) and T-3 (60 %)] out of 7 [TL-02 (28.58 %), L-01 (14.28 %), T-04 (57.14 %)] with adjacent level fracture developed significant segmental kyphotic deformity. The average immediate post-injury kyphosis of 11° (5°–25°) increased to 29° (15°–50°) at final follow-up.
Progressive segmental kyphotic collapse following an OVCF seems unavoidable. Patients with TL junction and superior endplate fracture are probably at the highest risk for significant segmental kyphotic deformity.
KeywordsRisk factors Kyphotic deformity Osteoporotic vertebral compression fracture
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