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European Spine Journal

, Volume 22, Issue 11, pp 2449–2455 | Cite as

3D analysis of brace treatment in idiopathic scoliosis

  • Aurélien CourvoisierEmail author
  • Xavier Drevelle
  • Raphael Vialle
  • Jean Dubousset
  • Wafa Skalli
Original Article

Abstract

Purpose

We have evaluated the effect of bracing in scoliosis on coronal alignment in a cohort of patients. Current literature has not described the specific effect of bracing on the 3D shape of the scoliotic curves. The purpose of this study was to analyze the variability of the 3D effect of bracing on idiopathic scoliosis.

Materials and methods

The spines of 30 patients with adolescent idiopathic scoliosis were reconstructed using biplanar stereoradiography with and without the brace. The Cobb angle, sagittal and pelvic parameters and transverse plane parameters were calculated. The variability and the mean values of each parameter, with and without a brace, were analyzed and compared using a student t test.

Results

The Cobb angle improved in 50 % of patients but remained unchanged in 50 % cases. In 90 % of the cases lordosis was decreased. The thoracic kyphosis was decreased in 26 % cases, unchanged in 57 % of cases and increased in 17 % cases. The AVR was improved (>5°) in 26 % cases, worsened in 23 % and unchanged in 50 %. Only the differences of Cobb angle and the lordosis were statistically significant.

Conclusions

Global statistics of this study concur with the literature. The Cobb angle was significantly improved. It also showed a significant hypolordotic effect. However, the results showed a high variability of the brace treatment effect in almost every parameter. Analysis of this variability by means of 3D reconstructions instead of global statistics should help characterize the mechanisms of correction of brace treatment.

Keywords

Scoliosis Brace 3D Variability Stereoradiography 

Notes

Conflict of interest

None.

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  • Aurélien Courvoisier
    • 1
    • 2
    Email author
  • Xavier Drevelle
    • 1
  • Raphael Vialle
    • 3
  • Jean Dubousset
    • 1
  • Wafa Skalli
    • 1
  1. 1.Laboratoire de Biomécanique, Arts et Métiers, ParisTech.ParisFrance
  2. 2.Pediatric Orthopedic Department, Grenoble University HospitalJoseph Fourier UniversityGrenoble cedex 9France
  3. 3.Pediatric Orthopedic Department, Trousseau HospitalParis 6 UniversityParisFrance

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