Biomechanical evaluation of a posterior non-fusion instrumentation of the lumbar spine
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Numerous posterior non-fusion systems have been developed within the past decade to resolve the disadvantages of rigid instrumentations and preserve spinal motion. The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of a new dynamic stabilization device, to measure the screw anchorage after flexibility testing and compare it with data reported in the literature.
Six human lumbar spine motion segments (L2–5) were loaded in a spine tester with pure moments of 7.5 Nm in lateral bending, flexion/extension and axial rotation. Specimens were tested intact, after instrumentation of the intact segment, after destabilization by a nucleotomy and after instrumentation of the destabilised segment with the new non-fusion device (Elaspine). After flexibility testing all screws were subjected to a pull-out test.
Instrumentation of the intact segment significantly reduced the RoM (p < 0.002) in flexion, extension and lateral bending to 49.7, 44.6 and 53% of the intact state, respectively. In axial rotation, the instrumentation resulted in a non-significant RoM reduction to 95% of the intact state. Compared to the intact segment, instrumentation of the destabilized segment significantly (p < 0.05) reduced the RoM to 69.8, 62.3 and 79.1% in flexion, extension and lateral bending, respectively. In axial rotation, the instrumented segment showed a significantly higher RoM than the intact segment (137.6% of the intact state (p < 0.01)). The pull-out test showed a maximum pull-out force of 855.1 N (±334) with a displacement of 6.1 mm (±2.8) at maximum pull-out force.
The effect of the investigated motion preservation device on the RoM of treated segments is in the range of other devices reported in the literature. Compared to the most implanted and investigated device, the Dynesys, the Elaspine has a less pronounced motion restricting effect in lateral bending and flexion/extension, while being less effective in limiting axial rotation. The pull-out force of the pedicle screws demonstrated anchorage comparable to other screw designs reported in the literature.
KeywordsPosterior dynamic stabilization Kinematics Biomechanics Lumbar spine
The study was supported by institutional funds of Spinelab AG, Winterthur, Switzerland. None of the authors received personal funding.
Conflict of interest
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