Acute low back pain in high school adolescents in Southern Brazil: prevalence and associated factors
- 339 Downloads
The aim of this study was to investigate the prevalence of acute low back pain (ALBP) and associated factors in high school students from a Southern Brazilian city.
The study was cross-sectional and interviewed 1,233 students 13- to 19-year-olds, attending high schools. A total of 25 schools were included in the sample (15 state institutions, 7 private, 2 federal and 1 municipal). The ALBP was evaluated using two questions. The outcome was LBP in the previous 30 days.
The prevalence of ALBP was 13.7%. Non-white students, who commuted to school walking, showed a higher prevalence of ALBP. The prevalence of ALBP is relatively high.
Further studies with follow-ups to adulthood are needed to investigate whether physical cumulative loads on the lumbar spine (for example, duration/transport, school bags and inadequate school furniture) during adolescence, may influence the development of ALBP later in life.
KeywordsLow back pain Adolescent’s health Cross-sectional studies Epidemiology
Conflict of interest
- 1.Deyo RA, Mirza SK, Martin BI (2006) Back pain prevalence and visit rates: estimates from US national surveys, 2002. Spine (Phila Pa 1976) 31:2724–2727Google Scholar
- 10.ABEP (2009) Critério de Classificação Econômica Brasil. http://www.abep.org/codigosguias/CCEB2008-Base2006e2007.pdf. Accessed 14 April 2011
- 12.Biddle SJH, Whitehead SH, O’Donovan TM, Nevill ME (2005) Correlates of participation in physical activity for adolescent girls: a systematic review of recent literature. J Phys Act Health 2:421–432Google Scholar
- 15.IBGE (2006) Suplemento Trabalho Infantil–PNAD. http://www.ibge.gov.br/home/presidencia/noticias/noticia_impressao.php?id_noticia=1117, editor. Accessed 30 March 2010
- 18.Erne C, Elfering A (2011) Low back pain at school: unique risk deriving from insatisfactory grade in maths and school-type recommendation. Eur Spine J [Epub ahead of print]Google Scholar