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European Spine Journal

, Volume 21, Issue 7, pp 1234–1240 | Cite as

Acute low back pain in high school adolescents in Southern Brazil: prevalence and associated factors

  • Antonio Carlos Onofrio
  • Marcelo Cozzensa da SilvaEmail author
  • Marlos Rodrigues Domingues
  • Airton José Rombaldi
Original Article

Abstract

Purpose

The aim of this study was to investigate the prevalence of acute low back pain (ALBP) and associated factors in high school students from a Southern Brazilian city.

Methods

The study was cross-sectional and interviewed 1,233 students 13- to 19-year-olds, attending high schools. A total of 25 schools were included in the sample (15 state institutions, 7 private, 2 federal and 1 municipal). The ALBP was evaluated using two questions. The outcome was LBP in the previous 30 days.

Results

The prevalence of ALBP was 13.7%. Non-white students, who commuted to school walking, showed a higher prevalence of ALBP. The prevalence of ALBP is relatively high.

Conclusions

Further studies with follow-ups to adulthood are needed to investigate whether physical cumulative loads on the lumbar spine (for example, duration/transport, school bags and inadequate school furniture) during adolescence, may influence the development of ALBP later in life.

Keywords

Low back pain Adolescent’s health Cross-sectional studies Epidemiology 

Notes

Conflict of interest

None.

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 2011

Authors and Affiliations

  • Antonio Carlos Onofrio
    • 1
  • Marcelo Cozzensa da Silva
    • 1
    • 2
    Email author
  • Marlos Rodrigues Domingues
    • 1
    • 2
  • Airton José Rombaldi
    • 1
    • 2
  1. 1.Post graduate program in Physical EducationFederal University of Pelotas, Rua Luiz de CamõesPelotasBrazil
  2. 2.Physical Activity Epidemiology Research GroupPelotasBrazil

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