European Spine Journal

, Volume 19, Supplement 2, pp 100–102 | Cite as

Cervical synovial cyst: case report and review of literature

  • Francesco Costa
  • Claudia Menghetti
  • Andrea Cardia
  • Maurizio Fornari
  • Alessandro Ortolina
Case Report

Abstract

Synovial cysts, typically observed in the lumbar spine eventually associated with degenerative changes of the facet joints, only rarely present in the cervical spine. Up to now, only 28 symptomatic cases are described in literature. Typically, the treatment of these cases is a decompressive laminectomy followed by complete surgical removal of the lesion. The authors present the case of an 84-year-old man with a symptomatic synovial cyst involving the space between C7 and T1.

Keywords

Cervical cyst Cervical compression Synovial cyst Symptomatic cyst 

References

  1. 1.
    Aksoy FG, Gomori GM (2000) Symptomatic cervical synovial cyst associated with an Os Odontoideum diagnosed by magnetic resonance imaging. Spine 25:1300–1302CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    Cartwright MJ, Nehls DG, Carrion CA, Spetzler RF (1985) Synovial cyst of a cervical facet joint: case report. Neurosurgery 16:850–852CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    Colen CB, Rengachary S (2006) Spontaneous resolution of a cervical spine causing acute spinal cord compression. J Neurosurg Spine 4(2):186CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    Cudlip S, Johnston F, Marsh H (1999) Subaxial cervical synovial cyst presenting with mielopathy: report of three cases. J Neurosurg 90(suppl):141–144PubMedGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    Davis R, Iliya A, Roque C, Pampati M (1990) The advantage of magnetic resonance imaging in diagnosis of a lumbar synovial cyst. Spine 15:244–246CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    Epstein NE, Hollingsworth R (1993) Synovial cyst of the cervical spine. J Spinal Disord 6:182–185PubMedGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    Freidberg SR, Fellows T, Thomas CB, Mancall AC (1994) Experience with symptomatic spinal epidural cysts. Neurosurgery 34:989–993CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    Kao CC, Winkler SS, Turner JH (1974) Synovial cyst of spinal facet. J Neurosurg 41:372–376CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    Kotilainen E, Marttila R (1997) Paraparesis caused by a bilateral cervical synovial cyst. Acta Neurol Scand 96:59–61PubMedGoogle Scholar
  10. 10.
    Hatem O, Bedou G, Nègre C, Bertrand JL, Camo J (2001) Intraspinal cervical degenerative cyst. Report of three cases. J Neurosurg 95(1 suppl):139–142PubMedGoogle Scholar
  11. 11.
    Jabre A, Shababian S, Keller J (1987) Synovial cyst of the cervical spine. Neurosurgery 20:316–318CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  12. 12.
    Jackson DE, Atlas SW, Mani JR, Norman D (1970) Intraspinal synovial cysts: MR imaging. Radiology 170(2):527–530Google Scholar
  13. 13.
    Jost SC, Hsien PT, Wright NM (2003) Symptomatic intraosseous synovial cyst in the cervical spine: a case report. Spine 28(17):E344–E346CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  14. 14.
    Lunardi P, Acqui M, Ricci G, Agrillo A, Ferrante L (1999) Cervical synovial cysts: case report and review of the literature. Eur Spine J 8(3):232–237CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  15. 15.
    Nijehnson E, Russell EJ (1990) Calcified synovial cyst of the cervical spine: CT and MR evaluation. J Comput Assit Tomogr 14(3):473–476CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. 16.
    Onofrio BM, Mih AD (1988) Synovial cysts of the spine. Neurosurgery 22(4):642–647CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  17. 17.
    Patel SC, Sanders WP (1988) Synovial cyst of the cervical spine: case report and review of the literature. Am J Neuradiol 9(3):602–603Google Scholar
  18. 18.
    Quaghebeur G, Jeffree M (1992) Synovial cyst of the high cervical spine causing myelopathy. Am J Neuradiol 13(3):981–982Google Scholar
  19. 19.
    Shima Y, Rothman SL, Yasura K, Takahashi S (2002) Degenerative intraspinal cyst of the cervical spine. Spine 27:E19–E22CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. 20.
    Silbergleit R, Gebarski S, Brunberg J, McGillicudy J, Blaivas M (1990) Lumbar synovial cysts: correlation of myelographic, CT, MR and pathologic findings. Am J Neuradiol 11:777–779Google Scholar
  21. 21.
    Weymann CA, Capone P, Kinkel PR, Kinkel WR (1993) Synovial Cyst of the upper cervical spine: MRI with gadolinium. Neurology 43(10):2151–2152PubMedGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 2009

Authors and Affiliations

  • Francesco Costa
    • 1
  • Claudia Menghetti
    • 1
  • Andrea Cardia
    • 1
  • Maurizio Fornari
    • 1
  • Alessandro Ortolina
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of NeurosurgeryIstituto IRCCS GaleazziMilanItaly

Personalised recommendations