European Spine Journal

, Volume 17, Supplement 1, pp 170–175 | Cite as

Examining Vertebrobasilar Artery Stroke in Two Canadian Provinces

  • Eleanor BoyleEmail author
  • Pierre Côté
  • Alexander R. Grier
  • J. David Cassidy
Supplementary Research

Study Design

Ecological study.


To determine the annual incidence of hospitalized vertebrobasilar artery (VBA) stroke and chiropractic utilization in Saskatchewan and Ontario between 1993 and 2004. To determine whether at an ecological level, the incidence of VBA stroke parallels the incidence of chiropractic utilization.

Summary of Background Data

Little is known about the incidence and time trends of VBA stroke diagnoses in the population. Chiropractic manipulation to the neck is believed to be a risk factor for VBA stroke. No study has yet found an association between chiropractic utilization and VBA diagnoses at the population level.


All hospitalizations with discharge diagnoses of VBA stroke were extracted from administrative databases for Saskatchewan and Ontario. We included incident cases that were diagnosed between January 1993 and December 2004 for Saskatchewan and from April 1993 to March 2002 for Ontario. VBA cases that had previously been hospitalized for any stroke or transient ischemic attack (TIA) were excluded. Chiropractic utilization was measured using billing data from Saskatchewan Health and Ontario Health Insurance Plan. Denominators were derived from Statistics Canada's annual population estimates.


The incidence rate of VBA stroke was 0.855 per 100,000 person-years for Saskatchewan and 0.750 per 100,000 person-years for Ontario. The annual incidence rate spiked dramatically with a 360% increase for Saskatchewan in 2000. There was a 38% increase for the 2000 incidence rate in Ontario. The rate of chiropractic utilization did not increase significantly during the study period.


In Saskatchewan, we observed a dramatic increase in the incidence rate in 2000 and there was a corresponding relatively small increase in chiropractic utilization. In Ontario, there was a small increase in the incidence rate; however, chiropractic utilization decreased. At the ecological level, the increase in VBA stroke does not seem to be associated with an increase in the rate of chiropractic utilization.


incidence vertebrobasilar artery stroke population-based study bias chiropractic utilization 


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 2008

Authors and Affiliations

  • Eleanor Boyle
    • 1
    • 2
    • 7
    Email author
  • Pierre Côté
    • 1
    • 2
    • 3
    • 4
    • 5
  • Alexander R. Grier
    • 6
  • J. David Cassidy
    • 1
    • 2
    • 3
    • 4
  1. 1.Centre of Research Expertise for Improved Disability Outcomes (CREIDO), University Health Network Rehabilitation SolutionsToronto Western HospitalTorontoCanada
  2. 2.Division of Heath Care and Outcomes ResearchToronto Western Research InstituteTorontoCanada
  3. 3.Department of Public Health SciencesUniversity of TorontoTorontoCanada
  4. 4.Department of Health Policy, Management and EvaluationUniversity of TorontoTorontoCanada
  5. 5.Institute for Work & HealthTorontoCanada
  6. 6.Saskatoon Musculoskeletal Rehabilitation CentreSaskatoonCanada
  7. 7.Centre of Research Expertise in Improved Disability OutcomesToronto Western HospitalTorontoCanada

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