Pannus resolution after occipitocervical fusion in a non-rheumatoid atlanto-axial instability
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Periodontoid pseudotumor or pannus is considered to be an inflammatory mass most frequently associated with rheumatoid arthritis. Transoral resection of the pannus has been the treatment of choice for patients with associated myelopathy, followed in many instances by posterior stabilization. However, some authors have reported resolution of pannus associated with rheumatoid arthritis and other forms of chronic atlanto-axial instability only after posterior stabilization. We report a case of a 69-year-old man who presented with a rapidly progressing myelopathy due to a retro-odontoid mass produced by chronic atlanto-axial instability associated with an occipital assimilation of C1 and tight posterior fossa. An urgent posterior fossa craniectomy followed by occipitocervical fixation was performed. After surgery, the patient’s clinical condition improved and 1 year after surgery was asymptomatic, walked without any help and had normal strength. Control MR showed complete resolution of the retro-odontoid pannus.
KeywordsAtlanto-axial joint Dislocations Arthritis Rheumatoid Spinal cord compression Spinal fusion Odontoid process
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