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Immunohematological parameters of rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss) fed supplemented diet with different forms of barberry root (Berberis vulgaris)

  • Sara Ramezanzadeh
  • Abdolmohamad Abedian KenariEmail author
  • Mohammad Esmaeili
Original Article
  • 4 Downloads

Abstract

In this experiment, the effect of barberry root powder and methanol extract on the growth and immunohematological parameters of rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss) was studied. A total of 306 rainbow trout fingerlings (15.55 ± 0.76 g) were fed for 8 weeks with six experimental diets: control (C), BRP10 (10 g kg−1 of barberry root powder), BRP20 (20 g kg−1 of barberry root powder), BRE250 (250 mg kg−1 of barberry root extract), BRE500 (500 mg kg−1 of barberry root extract), and oxytetracycline OTC30 (30 g kg−1). The results indicated BRE250, BRE500, and OTC30 had significantly higher weight gain (93.04, 92.52, and 90.48 g, respectively) compared with other dietary treatments (P < 0.05). The highest levels of WBC (26.5 × 103), RBC (1.8 × 106), HB (9.47 g dl−1), MCHC (22.19 g dl−1), lymphocytes (67.67%), lysozyme (65.67), and ACH50 (139) in fish fed BRE500 diet were observed (P < 0.05). Also, inhibition zone appeared with the barberry against Aeromonas hydrophila in vitro. Totally, it is suggested that the BRE500 diet can be used as a natural stimulant of growth and immunity in the aquaculture industry.

Keywords

Bacteria challenging Blood chemistry Immune system Immune stimulants Hematology Rainbow trout 

Abbreviations

OTC

Oxytetracycline

MCV

Mean corpuscular volume

MCH

Mean corpuscular hemoglobin

MCHC

Mean corpuscular hemoglobin concentration

ACH50

Alternative complement activity

DPPH

1,1-Diphenyl-2-picrylhydrazyl

TSA

Tryptic soy agar

WBC

White blood cell

RBC

Red blood cell

HCT

Hematocrit

HB

Hemoglobin

Notes

Acknowledgments

Thanks are extended to Mr. Kamali for helping us doing some analytical experiments.

Funding information

The authors wish to thank the Tarbiat Modares University (Noor, Mazandaran, Iran) for their financial support.

Compliance with ethical standards

Conflict of interest

The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.

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© Springer-Verlag London Ltd., part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Aquaculture, Faculty of Natural Resources and Marine SciencesTarbiat Modares UniversityNoorIran
  2. 2.Institute for Marine and Antarctic StudiesUniversity of TasmaniaHobartAustralia

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