Prevalence of diabetes mellitus and reference values for the fasting blood glucose levels of locally available breeds of dogs in Warri, Nigeria

  • John Ikechukwu IhediohaEmail author
  • Gani Enahoro
Original Article


There are no reports in available literature on the prevalence of diabetes mellitus (DM) in dogs in Nigeria and reference values for fasting blood glucose levels (FBGL) of locally available dog breeds. This study evaluated the FBGL of dogs presented for veterinary care in Warri, Nigeria, determined the prevalence of DM in the dog population, and also established reference values for the FBGL of dog breeds. A cross-sectional survey of FBGL of dogs presented for veterinary care in Warri, Nigeria, from January to December 2015 was done in five veterinary hospitals/clinics. The FBGL was measured using a glucometer, and diagnosis of DM was based on the WHO criteria as modified for dogs. A total of 2750 dogs were evaluated, and 6 (0.22%) of them were diabetic. The prevalence of DM in the dogs was significantly (p < 0.05) associated with age and breed category, but not with sex. There were significant variations (p < 0.05) in the mean FBGL reference values of dogs of different sexes, age groups, and breed categories. The 0.22% prevalence of DM recorded in the dog population studied lies within the estimated worldwide prevalence of canine DM, and there were significant differences in the FBGL reference values of dogs of different breeds, ages, and sex.


Canine diabetes mellitus Prevalence Fasting blood glucose Reference values Warri Nigeria 



The authors acknowledge the support of the Faculty of Veterinary Medicine Post Graduate Committee University of Nigeria, Nsukka, for their inputs into the study design, and staff of the five Veterinary Hospitals and Clinics in Warri Delta State, Nigeria, involved in the study for their cooperation and support all through the study.

Compliance with ethical standards

Ethical approval

All applicable international, national, and/or institutional guidelines for the care and use of animals were followed. All procedures performed involving animals in this study were in accordance with ethical standards of the University of Nigeria, Nsukka.

Conflict of interest

The authors declare that they have no conflicts of interest.


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag London Ltd., part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Veterinary Pathology and Microbiology, Faculty of Veterinary MedicineUniversity of NigeriaNsukkaNigeria

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