Advertisement

Prevalence and hematological parameters of Fasciola gigantica-infected cattle in Nsukka, Southeastern Nigeria

  • N. H. Ikenna-Ezeh
  • C. Eke
  • I. O. Ezeh
  • C. F. ObiEmail author
  • C. C. Chukwu
Original Article
  • 11 Downloads

Abstract

A cross-sectional study to determine the prevalence and hematological parameters of Fasciola gigantica-infected cattle in Nsukka, Southeastern Nigeria, was carried out between March and May, 2008. Blood samples were collected immediately after slaughter into labeled sample bottles containing EDTA. Characteristics of each slaughtered cattle such as sex and breed were noted. Postmortem examination of the liver, bile ducts, and gall bladder were carried out. Standard techniques were used to determine the packed cell volume (PCV), red blood cell count (RBC), white blood cell count (WBC), and hemoglobin concentration (HbC) while mean corpuscular volume (MCV), mean corpuscular hemoglobin (MCH), and mean corpuscular hemoglobin concentration (MCHC) were calculated appropriately using standard formulae. A total of 200 cattle were examined at postmortem with 23.5% prevalence (95% CI = 0.181–0.299). Fifteen percent (95% CI = 0.107–0.206) of the infected cattle were males while 8.5% (95% CI = 0.054–0.132) were females. White Fulani, Sokoto Gudali, and Red Bororo breeds recorded 20.5% (95% CI = 0.155–0.266), 3% (95% CI = 0.014–0.064), and 0% (95% CI = 0.000–0.019) prevalence respectively. However, no significant association (P ˃ 0.05) exists between Fasciola infections and the breed and sex of sampled animals. The mean PCV, HbC, RBC, and WBC values of the infected cattle were significantly low (P < 0.05) when compared to the uninfected cattle. Public enlightenment on the zoonotic importance of Fasciola gigantica and periodic anthelmintic intervention is hereby recommended.

Keywords

Fasciola gigantica Hematological parameters Prevalence Cattle Nigeria 

Notes

Funding

No external fund was received for this study. This study was wholly funded by the authors.

Compliance with ethical standards

Conflict of interest

The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.

Ethical approval

Valid approval and ethical clearance were obtained from the Ethics Committee for Medical and Scientific Research of the University of Nigeria, Nsukka, before the commencement of this study. Also, all applicable international, national, and/or institutional guidelines for the care and use of animals were followed.

References

  1. Adedokun OA, Ayinmode AB, Fagbemi BO (2008) A comparative study of three methods for detecting Fasciola infections in Nigerian cattle. Veterinarski Arhiv 78:411–416Google Scholar
  2. Akerejola OO, Schillhorn Van Veen TW, Njoku CO (1979) Ovine and caprine diseases in Nigeria: a review of economic loss. Bull Anim Health Prod Afr 27(1):65–69Google Scholar
  3. Aliyu AA, Ajogi IA, Ajanusi OJ, Reuben RC (2014) Epidemiological studies of Fasciola gigantica in cattle in Zaria, Nigeria using coprology and serology. J Public Health 6:85–91Google Scholar
  4. Ardo MB, Aliyara YH, Lawal H (2013) Prevalence of bovine fasciolosis in major abattiors of Adamawa State, Nigeria. Bayero J Pure Appl Sci 6:12–16CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Coles EH (1986) Veterinary clinical pathology, 3rd edn. W.B. Saunders Company, Philadelphia, pp 145–151Google Scholar
  6. Egbu FMI, Ubachukwu PO, Okoye IC (2013) Haematological changes due to bovine fascioliasis. Afr J Biotechnol 12:1828–1835CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. Elelu N, Eisler MC (2017) A review of bovine fasciolosis and other trematode infections in Nigeria. J Helminthol 92:128–141.  https://doi.org/10.1017/S0022149X17000402 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. Ganguly A, Bisla RS, Chaudhri SS (2016) Haematological and biochemical changes in ovine fasciolosis. Haryana Vet 55(1):27–30Google Scholar
  9. Haseeb AN, El Shazly AM, Arafa MAS, Morsy ATA (2002) A review on fascioliasis in Egypt. J Egypt Soc Parasitol 32:317–354Google Scholar
  10. Ikeme MM, Obioha F (1973) Fasciola gigantica infestations in trade cattle in Eastern Nigeria. Bull Epizoot Dis Afr 21:259–264Google Scholar
  11. Lotfy HS, Mahmoud SM, Abdel-Gawad MA (2003) Some studies on fascioliasis in Mid-Egypt. Agric Res 81(2):209–227Google Scholar
  12. Magaji A, Ibrahim K, Salihu MD, Saulawa MA, Mohammed AA, Musawa AI (2014) Prevalence of fascioliasis in cattle slaughtered in Sokoto Metropolitan Abattoir, Sokoto, Nigeria. Advances in Epidemiology Article ID 247258  https://doi.org/10.1155/2014/247258
  13. Mas-Coma S, Brgues MD, Valero MA (2005) Fasciolosis and other plant-borne trematode zoonoses. Int J Parasitol 35(2):1255–1278CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. McIntyre JD, Bourzat D, Pingel P (1992) Crop-livestock interaction in sub-Saharan Africa. Regional World Bank, Washington D.CGoogle Scholar
  15. Ngwu GI, Ohaegbula ABO, Okafor FC (2004) Prevalence of Fasciola gigantica, Cysticercus bovis and some other disease conditions of cattle slaughtered in Nsukka urban abattoir. Anim Res Int 1:7–11Google Scholar
  16. Nwosu CO, Madu PP, Richards WS (2007) Prevalence and seasonal changes in the population of gastrointestinal nematodes of small ruminants in the semi-arid zone of north-eastern Nigeria. Vet Parasitol 144:118–124CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. Osinowo EO, Adama JY, Popoola MA, Shorinmade AY, Afolabi QO (2017) Prevalence of Fasciola gigantica infestation in cattle slaughtered at Minna metropolitan abattoir in North Central Nigeria. J Anim Sci Vet Med 2:160–163Google Scholar
  18. Paul BT, Bello AM, Ngari O, Mana HP, Gadzama MA, Abba A, Malgwi KD, Balami SY, Dauda J, Abdullahi AM (2016) Risk factors of haemoparasites and some haematological parameters of slaughtered trade cattle in Maiduguri, Nigeria. J Vet Med Anim Health 8(8):83–88CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. Phiri AM, Phiri IK, Sikasunge CS, Monrad J (2005) Prevalence of fasciolosis in Zambian cattle observed at selected abattoirs with emphasis on age, sex and origin. J Veterinary Med Ser B 52:414–416CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. Urquhart GM, Armour J, Dunn AM, Duncan JL, Jennings FW (1996) Veterinary parasitology, 2nd edn. Blackwell Publishing, Hoboken, pp 209–218Google Scholar
  21. WHO (2007) Report of the WHO informal meeting on use of triclabendazole in fascioliasis control. Tech. Rep. WHO/CDS/NTD/PCT/2007.1Google Scholar
  22. Yadav SK, Ahaduzzaman M, Sarker S, Sayeed MA, Hoque MA (2015) Epidemiological survey of fascioliasis in cattle, buffalo and goat in Mahottari and Dhanusha. Nepal. J Adv Parasitol 2(3):51–56CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag London Ltd., part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Veterinary Pathology and Microbiology, Faculty of Veterinary MedicineUniversity of NigeriaNsukkaNigeria
  2. 2.Department of Veterinary Medicine, Faculty of Veterinary MedicineUniversity of NigeriaNsukkaNigeria
  3. 3.School of PharmacyUniversity of MarylandBaltimoreUSA
  4. 4.Department of Veterinary Parasitology and Entomology, Faculty of Veterinary MedicineUniversity of NigeriaNsukkaNigeria

Personalised recommendations