Advertisement

Comparative Clinical Pathology

, Volume 28, Issue 1, pp 211–213 | Cite as

Trans-scrotal ultrasonography evaluation of the cross-bred Ongole bulls

  • B. Sudhakara ReddyEmail author
  • Y. V. Prithvidhar Reddy
  • S. Sivajothi
Original Article
  • 19 Downloads

Abstract

Very limited information is available on the trans-scrotal ultrasonography of cross-bred Ongole bulls with scrotal swelling in India. The present study was carried out on the bulls presented to the hospital with the history of scrotal swelling. Haematology revealed increased leucocyte count, neutrophilia and mild reduction in haemoglobin levels. Microscopic evaluation of the semen revealed abnormal morphology and the presence of the dead spermatozoa. Trans-scrotal ultrasonography helps in the differential diagnosis of scrotal disorders and to identify the appropriate aetiology for developement of the condition. On ultrasonography, all the bulls showed abnormal scrotal morphology. Among these, one had the presence of normal echogenicity testes which are surrounded by the anechoic fluid which will cover by a hyper echoic scrotal skin. The second one showed the anechoic fluid was mixed with the hyper echoic fibrinous threads and degenerative changes in one testis. Third bull showed the diffused hyper echoic threads scattered within the anechoic fluid and different echogenicity of the two testes. In conclusion, trans-scrotal ultrasonography is helpful in the differential diagnosis of the scrotal swells in large animals.

Keywords

Bull Semen Scrotum Ultrasonography 

Notes

Acknowledgements

The authors are thankful to the authorities of Sri Venkateswara Veterinary University for providing the facilities to carry out the work.

Compliance with ethical standards

Conflict of interest

The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.

Ethical approval

This article does not contain any studies with human participants performed by any of the authors. In the present study, all applicable international, national and/or institutional guidelines for the care and use of animals were followed.

References

  1. Abu-Seida A (2012) Ultrasonographic diagnosis of some scrotal swellings in bulls. Pak Vet J 32:378–381Google Scholar
  2. Ahmad N, England GCW, Noakes DE (2000) Ultrasonography of spontaneous lesions of the genital system of three rams, and their influence on semen quality. Vet Rec 146:10–15CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Ali KM, Ahmad N, Akhtar N, Ali S, Ahmad M, Younis M (2011) Ultrasound imaging of testes and epididymides of normal and infertile breeding bulls. Pak Vet J 31(4):345–350Google Scholar
  4. Braun U (2009) Ultrasonography of the gastrointestinal tract in cattle. Vet Clin North Am Food Anim Pract 25(3):567–590CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Gemeda AE (2017) Gross testicular abnormalities in indigenous breeds of bulls in Eastern Ethiopia. J Adv Vet Anim Res 4(2):200–206CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Gnemmi G, Lefebvre RC (2009) Bull anatomy and ultrasonography of the reproductive tract: an important field of expertise for veterinarians. Vet Clin North Am Food Anim Pract 25:767–779CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. Kastelic JP, Brito LFC (2012) Ultrasonography for monitoring reproductive function in the bull. Reprod Domest Anim 47:45–51CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. Reddy BS, Sivajothi S (2017) Theileria annulata induced brisket oedema in a bull and its successful treatment. J Parasit Dis 41(1):171–174CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. Reddy LSSVP, Reddy BS, Naik BR, Prasad CS (2014) Haematological and clinical alterations with traumatic reticuloperitonitis in cattle. Int J Vet Sci 3(4):203–205Google Scholar
  10. Sousa KC, Filho STR, Ribeiro HFL, Vale WG (2015) Ultrasound as tool for diseases of the reproductive tract bulls. Arch Vet Sci 20(3):89–99CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag London Ltd., part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Veterinary Medicine (Department of Veterinary Clinical Complex), College of Veterinary ScienceSri Venkateswara Veterinary UniversityProddaturIndia
  2. 2.Veterinary Obstetrics and Gynaecology (Department of Veterinary Clinical Complex), College of Veterinary ScienceSri Venkateswara Veterinary UniversityProddaturIndia
  3. 3.Department of Veterinary Parasitology, College of Veterinary ScienceSri Venkateswara Veterinary UniversityProddaturIndia

Personalised recommendations