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Comparative Clinical Pathology

, Volume 24, Issue 1, pp 169–175 | Cite as

Hematological parameters and nuclear abnormalities in peripheral erythrocytes of Achirus lineatus (Pleuronectiformes: Achiridae)

  • Lílian R. G. B. Prado
  • Cristiane Felix
  • Denis M. S. Abessa
  • Lucas M. Buruaem
  • Laís D. Abujamara
  • Aline A. Kirschbaum
  • Gabriela C. R. Turatti
  • Maria J. T. Ranzani-Paiva
  • Aristides T. Correia
  • Robson SerianiEmail author
Brief Communication

Abstract

Hematological parameter of demersal fish constitutes important measures of biological effects of seasonality and contaminants in sediments. We aimed to assess the hematological parameters and nuclear abnormalities, including micronuclei levels, in peripheral erythrocytes of flatfish Achirus lineatus collected in São Vicente Estuary in summer and winter. The number of lymphocytes was significantly higher in summer, whereas the number of neutrophils was significantly higher in winter. For other measured parameters, no significant differences were observed in spite of the levels of erythroblasts, leukocytes, thrombocytes, micronuclei and nuclear abnormality tended to be slightly higher in winter. Integrated analysis of data suggests that genotoxicity may be related to immunosuppression, although some types of leukocytes appear to act removing anomalous cells. Considering the contamination status of the Santos–São Vicente Estuarine system, the results provide an important contribution to knowledge of the hematological aspects of A.lineatus and its potential use as a bioindicator for monitoring estuarine sites.

Keywords

Flatfish Hematology Biomarkers Seasonality Estuary 

Notes

Acknowledgments

The authors gratefully acknowledge Mr. Ricardo for his assistance with the fish sampling. L.M. Buruaem (PhD grant 142002/2010-0) and D.M.S. Abessa (552299/2010-3) were sponsored by CNPq.

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag London 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  • Lílian R. G. B. Prado
    • 1
  • Cristiane Felix
    • 1
  • Denis M. S. Abessa
    • 2
  • Lucas M. Buruaem
    • 3
  • Laís D. Abujamara
    • 4
  • Aline A. Kirschbaum
    • 5
  • Gabriela C. R. Turatti
    • 1
  • Maria J. T. Ranzani-Paiva
    • 6
  • Aristides T. Correia
    • 7
  • Robson Seriani
    • 1
    • 7
    Email author
  1. 1.Universidade Paulista (UNIP)Campus Paraíso. R. VergueiroSão PauloBrazil
  2. 2.Campus Experimental do Litoral PaulistaUniversidade Estadual Paulista (UNESP)São VicenteBrazil
  3. 3.Instituto de Ciências do Mar (LABOMAR-UFC)Universidade Federal do CearáFortalezaBrazil
  4. 4.Universidade Santa Cecília (UNISANTA)SantosBrazil
  5. 5.Instituto OceanográficoUniversidade de São PauloSão PauloBrazil
  6. 6.Instituto de PescaSão PauloBrazil
  7. 7.Faculdade de MedicinaUniversidade de São PauloSão PauloBrazil

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