Comparative Clinical Pathology

, Volume 21, Issue 1, pp 33–38 | Cite as

Serological prevalence of Coxiella burnetii in captive wild ruminants in Saudi Arabia

  • Mansour F. Hussein
  • Ibrahim M. Al-Khalifa
  • Riyadh S. Aljumaah
  • Abdelrahman Gar Elnabi
  • Osama B. Mohammed
  • Sawsan A. Omer
  • William V. Macasero
Original Article


Serum samples from sand gazelles (n = 227), mountain gazelles (n = 232), and Arabian oryx (n = 96) reared in captivity in Riyadh, Saudi Arabia were tested for the presence of Coxiella burnetii antibodies using an indirect enzyme immunoassay. C. burnetii antibodies were present in 18.3%, 7.3%, and 46.9% of these animals, respectively. The difference in serological prevalence between the three species was statistically significant. Age- and sex-related differences in prevalence were also observed. This study is the first record of C. burnetii antibodies in Arabian gazelles.


Arabian oryx (Oryx leucoryxSand gazelle (Gazella subgutturosa maricaMountain gazelle (Gazella gazellaCoxiella burnetii ELISA Saudi Arabia 



The authors thank the Secretary General of the Saudi Commission for Wildlife and Dr Robbie Robinson, Director of King Khalid Wildlife Research Center, for their support


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag London Limited 2010

Authors and Affiliations

  • Mansour F. Hussein
    • 1
  • Ibrahim M. Al-Khalifa
    • 1
  • Riyadh S. Aljumaah
    • 1
  • Abdelrahman Gar Elnabi
    • 1
  • Osama B. Mohammed
    • 2
  • Sawsan A. Omer
    • 2
  • William V. Macasero
    • 2
  1. 1.Department of Animal Production, College of Food Sciences and AgricultureKing Saud UniversityRiyadhSaudi Arabia
  2. 2.King Khalid Wildlife Research CenterThe Saudi Commission for WildlifeRiyadhSaudi Arabia

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