On ramification in the compositum of function fields
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The aim of this paper is twofold: Firstly, we generalize well-known formulas for ramification and different exponents in cyclic extensions of function fields over a field K (due to H. Hasse) to extensions E = F(y), where y satisfies an equation of the form f(y) = u · g(y) with polynomials f(y), g(y) ∈ K[y] and u ∈ F. This result depends essentially on Abhyankar’s Lemma which gives information about ramification in a compositum E = E1E2 of finite extensions E1, E2 over a function field F. Abhyankar’s Lemma does not hold if both extensions E1/F and E2/F are wildly ramified. Our second objective is a generalization of Abhyankar’s Lemma if E1/F and E2/F are cyclic extensions of degree p = char(K). This result may be useful for the study of wild towers of function fields over finite fields.