Arbuscular mycorrhiza differentially affects synthesis of essential oils in coriander and dill
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Research on the role of arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi (AMF) in the synthesis of essential oils (EOs) by aromatic plants has seldom been conducted in field-relevant conditions, and then, only limited spectra of EO constituents have been analyzed. The effect was investigated of inoculation with AMF on the synthesis of a wide range of EO in two aromatic species, coriander (Coriandrum sativum) and dill (Anethum graveolens), in a garden experiment under outdoor conditions. Plants were grown in 4-l pots filled with soil, which was either γ-irradiated (eliminating native AMF) or left non-sterile (containing native AMF), and inoculated or not with an isolate of Rhizophagus irregularis. AMF inoculation significantly stimulated EO synthesis in both plant species. EO synthesis (total EO and several individual constituents) was increased in dill in all mycorrhizal treatments (containing native and/or inoculated AMF) compared to non-mycorrhizal plants. In contrast, EO concentrations in coriander (total EO and most constituents) were increased only in the treatment combining both inoculated and native AMF. A clear positive effect of AMF on EO synthesis was found for both aromatic plants, which was, however, specific for each plant species and modified by the pool of AMF present in the soil.
KeywordsAromatic plants Dill Coriander Essential oils Arbuscular mycorrhiza Growth responses
The authors are grateful to Pavla Doubková for valuable comments on the text of the manuscript and to Marie Albrechtová and Hana Strusková from the Analytical Laboratories of the Institute of Botany AS CR who performed soil chemical analyses and determined the content of phosphorus in plant biomass. Financial support for this study was provided by the Ministry of Education, Youth and Sports of the Czech Republic (grant 1M0571), by the long-term research development project RVO 67985939 and grant no. ED0007/01/01 Centre of the Region Haná for Biotechnological and Agricultural Research.
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