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Mycorrhiza

, Volume 23, Issue 4, pp 289–301 | Cite as

Arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi associated with vegetation and soil parameters under rest grazing management in a desert steppe ecosystem

  • Gegenbaoleer Bai
  • Yuying BaoEmail author
  • Guoxin Du
  • Yunlong Qi
Original Paper

Abstract

The impact of rest grazing on arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi (AMF) and the interactions of AMF with vegetation and soil parameters under rest grazing condition were investigated between spring and late summer in a desert steppe ecosystem with different grazing managements (rest grazing with different lengths of resting period, banned or continuous grazing) in Inner Mongolia, China. AMF diversity and colonization, vegetation biomass, soil properties and soil phosphatase activity were examined. In rest grazing areas of 60 days, AMF spore number and diversity index at a 0–10 cm soil depth as well as vesicular and hyphal colonization rates were higher compared with other grazing treatments. In addition, soil organic matter and total N contents were highest and soil alkaline phosphatase was most active under 60-day rest grazing. In August and September, these areas also had the highest amount of aboveground vegetation. The results indicated that resting grazing for an appropriate period of time in spring has a positive effect on AMF sporulation, colonization and diversity, and that under rest grazing conditions, AMF parameters are positively correlated with some soil characteristics.

Keywords

Arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi Desert steppe Grazing Soil properties 

Notes

Acknowledgements

We thank Prof. ZhiJun Wei from the Inner Mongolia Agricultural University for providing the study sites and to Jie Wei for the review of the manuscript and valuable comments. We also thank Gegentana and Gegensubud for helpful comments and language revisions (English). This work was supported by the National Natural Science Foundation of China (No. 30760157) and the Natural Science Foundation of Inner Mongolia, China (No. 200711020503).

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2012

Authors and Affiliations

  • Gegenbaoleer Bai
    • 1
  • Yuying Bao
    • 1
    Email author
  • Guoxin Du
    • 1
  • Yunlong Qi
    • 1
  1. 1.Institute of Life SciencesInner Mongolia UniversityHohhotChina

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