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Mycorrhiza

, Volume 20, Issue 8, pp 569–575 | Cite as

Craterellus fallax, a Black Trumpet mushroom from eastern North America with a broad host range

  • Patrick Brandon Matheny
  • Emily A. Austin
  • Joshua M. Birkebak
  • Aaron D. Wolfenbarger
Short Note

Abstract

Phylogenetic analysis of ITS sequences of members of the Craterellus cornucopioides complex (Black Trumpet mushrooms) supports the taxonomic separation of Craterellus fallax apart from C. cornucopioides, with which it has been synonymized in the past. Examination of Pinus virginiana ectomycorrhizal (ECM) root tips and sequence comparison with other insufficiently identified environmental sequences from roots of Tsuga, Quercus, and possibly Castanea supports a broad host range in North America for the ECM symbiont C. fallax. This is the first molecular confirmation of an ECM symbiont with P. virginiana, which associates with a wide diversity of ECM fungi, and the first report of a Cantharellaceae symbiont with this tree, an eastern North American two-needled pine. Three unique species in the C. cornucopioides complex are recovered based on phylogenetic analysis: C. fallax, C. cornucopioides, and an unidentified Craterellus species similar to C. fallax but smaller in stature with smaller spores.

Keywords

Barcoding Cantharellales Ecology Ectomycorrhizas Pinus virginiana Systematics 

Notes

Acknowledgements

Results from this study were produced during an undergraduate course in field and molecular mycology at the University of Tennessee (UT), sequencing efforts of which were supported by the university. We thank Joe May for processing sequence samples at the MBRF at UT and Karen Hughes for sharing the ITS sequence of Pseudocraterellus sinuosus. Michael Wood and Michael Pilkington shared collections and photographs of C. fallax from a GSMNP collecting trip during 2009.

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 2010

Authors and Affiliations

  • Patrick Brandon Matheny
    • 1
  • Emily A. Austin
    • 1
  • Joshua M. Birkebak
    • 1
  • Aaron D. Wolfenbarger
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Ecology and Evolutionary BiologyUniversity of TennesseeKnoxvilleUSA

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