Mycorrhiza

, 16:261

Arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi enhance fruit growth and quality of chile ancho (Capsicum annuum L. cv San Luis) plants exposed to drought

  • Hortencia G. Mena-Violante
  • Omar Ocampo-Jiménez
  • Luc Dendooven
  • Gerardo Martínez-Soto
  • Jaquelina González-Castañeda
  • Fred T. DaviesJr.
  • Víctor Olalde-Portugal
Original Article

Abstract

The effect of arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi (AMF) and drought on fruit quality was evaluated in chile ancho (Capsicum annuum L. cv San Luis). AMF treatments were (1) Glomus fasciculatum (AMFG), (2) a fungal species consortium from the forest “Los Tuxtla” in Mexico (AMFT), (3) a fungal species consortium from the Sonorian desert in Mexico (AMFD), and (4) a noninoculated control (NAMF). Plants were exposed to a 26-day drought cycle. Fruit quality was determined by measuring size (length, width, and pedicel length), color, chlorophyll, and carotenoid concentration. Under nondrought conditions, AMFG produced fruits that were 13% wider and 15% longer than the NAMF treatment. Under nondrought conditions, fruit fresh weight was 25% greater in the AMFG treatment compared to the NAMF. Under drought, fruits in the AMFT and AMFD treatments showed fresh weights similar to those in the NAMF treatment not subjected to drought. Fruits of the AMFG treatment subjected to drought showed the same color intensity and chlorophyll content as those of the nondroughted NAMF treatment and carotenoid content increased 1.4 times compared to that in the NAMF not exposed to drought. It is interesting to note that fruits in the AMFD treatment subjected to drought and the NAMF treatment not exposed to drought reached the same size. AMFD treatment increased the concentration of carotenes (1.4 times) under nondrought conditions and the concentration of xanthophylls (1.5 times) under drought when compared to the nondroughted NAMF treatment.

Keywords

Arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi Drought Quality Capsicum annuum 

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 2006

Authors and Affiliations

  • Hortencia G. Mena-Violante
    • 1
  • Omar Ocampo-Jiménez
    • 1
  • Luc Dendooven
    • 3
  • Gerardo Martínez-Soto
    • 2
  • Jaquelina González-Castañeda
    • 2
  • Fred T. DaviesJr.
    • 4
  • Víctor Olalde-Portugal
    • 1
  1. 1.Departamento de Biotecnología y BioquímicaCentro de Investigación y de Estudios Avanzados IPN, Unidad IrapuatoIrapuatoMéxico
  2. 2.Instituto de Ciencias AgrícolasUniversidad de GuanajuatoIrapuatoMéxico
  3. 3.Departamento de Biotecnología y BioingenieríaCentro de Investigación y de Estudios Avanzados IPN, Unidad ZacatencoMéxicoMéxico
  4. 4.Department of Horticultural SciencesTexas A&M UniversityCollege StationUSA

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