Mycorrhiza

, Volume 14, Issue 6, pp 375–381

Species richness and seasonal abundance of ectomycorrhizal fungi in plantations of Eucalyptus dunnii and Pinus taeda in southern Brazil

  • Admir J. Giachini
  • Luiz A. B. Souza
  • Vetúria L. Oliveira
Original Paper

Abstract

The abundance and diversity of ectomycorrhizal fungi (EMF) was assessed based on the collection of basidiocarps during 12 months comprising the spring of 1995, and the summer, autumn, and winter of 1996, in three stands of young, middle-aged, and rotation age plantations of Pinus taeda and Eucalyptus dunnii, in the state of Santa Catarina, southern Brazil. A total of 3,085 collections yielded 34 presumed EMF taxa in ten genera, including mushroom-like and sequestrate species. Fruiting patterns of EMF differed with host and season, and host specificity was apparent in some. The overall relative importance (RI) and the Shannon diversity index (H) suggested that stands of E. dunnii had a more diverse aboveground EMF community than those of P. taeda. Overall, species of Scleroderma and Laccaria were not only the most abundant but also had the highest biomass values. The results show that a small number of species of abundant biomass and a larger number of species of less-abundant biomass characterize each forest class.

Keywords

Fungal diversity Species richness Ectomycorrhiza Eucalyptus Pinus 

References

  1. Andrade ACS, Queiroz MH, Hermes RAL, Oliveira VL (2000) Mycorrhizal status of some plants of the Araucaria forest and the Atlantic rainforest in Santa Catarina, Brazil. Mycorrhiza 10:131–136CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Anonymous (1986) Atlas de Santa Catarina. Aerofoto Cruzeiro/GAPLAN-Gabinete de Planejamento e Coordenação Geral, Rio de JaneiroGoogle Scholar
  3. Bougher NL, Lebel T (2001) Sequestrate (truffle-like) fungi of Australia and New Zealand. Aust Syst Bot 14:439–484CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Cairney JWG (2000) Evolution of mycorrhiza systems. Naturwissenschaften 87:467–475PubMedGoogle Scholar
  5. Castellano MA, Bougher NL (1994) Consideration of the taxonomy and biodiversity of Australian ectomycorrhizal fungi. Plant Soil 159:37–46Google Scholar
  6. Clifford HT, Stephenson W (1975) An introduction to numerical classification. Academic Press, LondonGoogle Scholar
  7. Dahlberg D (1991) Dynamics of ectomycorrhizal fungi in a Swedish coniferous forest: a five year survey of epigeous sporocarps. In: Ectomycorrhiza in coniferous forest: structure and dynamics of populations and communities. Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences, Uppsala, pp 1–25Google Scholar
  8. Dighton J, Poskitt JM, Howard DM (1986) Changes in occurrence of basidiomycete fruit bodies during forest stand development: with specific reference to mycorrhizal species. Trans Br Mycol Soc 87:163–171Google Scholar
  9. Dunstan WA, Dell B, Malajczuk N (1998) The diversity of ectomycorrhizal fungi associated with introduced Pinus spp. in the southern hemisphere, with particular reference to Western Australia. Mycorrhiza 8:71–79CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. Giachini AJ, Oliveira VL, Castellano MA, Trappe JM (2000) Ectomycorrhizal fungi in Eucalyptus and Pinus plantations in southern Brazil. Mycologia 92:1166–1177Google Scholar
  11. Grgurinovic CA (1997) Larger fungi of South Australia. The Botanic Gardens of Adelaide and State Herbarium and The Flora and Fauna of South Australia Handbooks Committee, AdelaideGoogle Scholar
  12. Guzmán G (1970) Monografia del genero Scleroderma Pers. emend. Fr. (Fungi-Basidiomycetes). Darwiniana 16:233–407Google Scholar
  13. Hawksworth DL (1991) The fungal dimension of biodiversity: magnitude, significance, and conservation. Mycol Res 94:166–172Google Scholar
  14. Hesler LR, Smith AH (1979) North American species of Lactarius. The University of Michigan Press, Ann Arbor, Mich.Google Scholar
  15. Junghans DT, Gomes EA, Guimarães WV, Barros EG, Araújo EF (1998) Genetic diversity of the ectomycorrhizal fungus Pisolithus tinctorius based on RAPD-PCR analysis. Mycorrhiza 7:243–248Google Scholar
  16. Lu X, Malajczuk N, Brundett M, Dell B (1999) Fruiting of putative ectomycorrhizal fungi under blue gum (Eucalyptus globulus) plantations of different ages in Western Australia. Mycorrhiza 8:255–261CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. Magurran AE (1988) Ecological diversity and its measurements. Princeton University Press, Princeton, N.J.Google Scholar
  18. Matsuda Y (1994) Seasonal occurrence and spatial distribution of fruitbodies of ectomycorrhizal fungi on the border of a man-made and a naturally regenerated forest. Bull Nagaoka Univ For 13:109–118Google Scholar
  19. Matsuda Y, Hijii N (1998) Spatiotemporal distribution of fruitbodies of ectomycorrhizal fungi in an Abies firma forest. Mycorrhiza 8:131–138CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. May TW, Wood AE (1997) Fungi of Australia: catalogue and bibliography of Australian macrofungi 1. Basidiomycotina, vol 2. CSIRO, Australian Biological Resources Study, CanberraGoogle Scholar
  21. Mueller GM (1992) Systematics of Laccaria (Agaricales) in the continental United States and Canada, with discussions on extralimital taxa and descriptions of extant types. Fieldiana Bot 1435:1–158Google Scholar
  22. Nantel P, Neumann P (1992) Ecology of ectomycorrhizal-Basidiomycete communities on a local vegetation gradient. Ecology 73:99–117Google Scholar
  23. Rodrigues LS, Kasuya MCM, Borges AC (1999) Viability of ectomycorrhizal fungus mycelium entrapped in calcium alginate gel. Mycorrhiza 8:263–266CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. Singer R (1986) The agaricales in modern taxonomy. Koelts, Koenigstein, GermanyGoogle Scholar
  25. Singer R, Araújo IJS (1979) Litter decomposition and ectomycorrhiza in Amazonian forests. 1. A comparison of litter decomposing and ectomycorrhizal basidiomycetes in latosol-terra-firme rain forest and white podzol campinarana. Acta Amazonica 9:25–41Google Scholar
  26. Singer R, Araujo I, Ivory MH (1983) The ectotrophically mycorrhizal fungi of the neotropical lowlands, especially central Amazonia. Beih Nova Hedwigia 77:1–352Google Scholar
  27. Smith AH, Zeller SM (1966) A preliminary account of the North American species of Rhizopogon. New York Botanical Gardens. New YorkGoogle Scholar
  28. Smith SE, Read DJ (1997) Mycorrhizal symbiosis. Academic Press, LondonGoogle Scholar
  29. Trappe JM (1987) Phylogenetic and ecological aspects of mycotrophy in the angiosperms from an evolutionary standpoint. In: Safir GR (ed) Ecophysiology of VA mycorrhizal plants. CRC, Boca Raton, Fla., pp 5–25Google Scholar
  30. Trappe JM, Luoma DL (1992) The ties that bind: fungi in ecosystems. In: Carroll GC, Wicklow DT (eds) The fungal community, its organization and role in the ecosystem. Dekker, New York, pp 17–27Google Scholar
  31. Yokomizo NKS (1986) Micorrizas em essências florestais. Anais da I Reunião Brasileira sobre Micorrizas. UFLA, Lavras, Brazil, p 212Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 2004

Authors and Affiliations

  • Admir J. Giachini
    • 1
    • 2
  • Luiz A. B. Souza
    • 1
  • Vetúria L. Oliveira
    • 1
  1. 1.Departamento de Microbiologia e Parasitologia, Centro de Ciências BiológicasUniversidade Federal de Santa Catarina FlorianópolisBrazil
  2. 2.Department of Forest ScienceOregon State UniversityCorvallisUSA

Personalised recommendations