uwf UmweltWirtschaftsForum

, Volume 21, Issue 3–4, pp 199–207 | Cite as

Selected approaches to integration management for renewable energies

  • Russell McKenna
  • Tobias Heffels
  • Erik Merkel
  • Daniel Fehrenbach
  • Sven Killinger
  • Wolf Fichtner


The current rapid expansion of renewable energies in Germany in the context of the “Energiewende” (energy transition) presents ongoing challenges for the energy system. In particular, the variability and unpredictability of renewable energy resources means that measures are necessary to properly integrate these technologies into the energy system. Integration in this case is defined as fulfilling the three criteria of the “objective triangle” of the German Energy Industry Act (Energiewirtschaftsgesetz, EnWG), consisting of security of supply, affordability and sustainability. This means integration into existing and future energy markets as well as the physical energy system as a whole. Whilst renewable technologies are typically favourable over conventional (fossil and nuclear) ones with regard to sustainability, at the time of writing they are generally more expensive and, due to their mostly variable nature, under ceteris paribus conditions tend to adversely affect...


Wind Turbine Heat Pump Global Irradiation Internal Combustion Engine Biogas Plant 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  • Russell McKenna
    • 1
  • Tobias Heffels
    • 1
  • Erik Merkel
    • 1
  • Daniel Fehrenbach
    • 2
  • Sven Killinger
    • 3
  • Wolf Fichtner
    • 1
  1. 1.Chair for Energy EconomicsKarlsruhe Institute of Technology (KIT)KarlsruheGermany
  2. 2.European Institute for Energy Research (EIFER)KarlsruheGermany
  3. 3.Fraunhofer Institute for Solar Energy Systems (ISE)FreiburgGermany

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