Springer Nature is making SARS-CoV-2 and COVID-19 research free. View research | View latest news | Sign up for updates

A design method for low-frequency rotational piezoelectric energy harvesting in micro applications

  • 95 Accesses

Abstract

A rotational piezoelectric energy harvester is an electromechanical device that converts ambient mechanical rotation into electric power. The gravity-based method of using the gravity to excite the cantilever beam to deform in the vertical plane has received great attention. The harvester operates effectively at a narrow frequency band, which must be matched with the excitation frequency. For micro applications, low-frequency harvesters are often very difficult to design due to the specific limitations of the size and weight and the thickness of the piezoelectric material. Moreover, low-frequency harvesters require high precision in production and assembly, and small errors can cause large frequency error deviations. In response to this problem, this paper proposes a scheme for designing low-frequency rotational piezoelectric energy harvester, wherein the tuning is accomplished by changing the distance between the mass and the center of rotation. Furthermore, the paper establishes a theoretical model and presents a relationship for frequency adjustment. The experimental results achieved with a piezoelectric fiber composite fit the theoretical results well. The simulation and experimental results show that the resonance frequency of the harvester could be decreased by 63% when the distance between the mass and the center is five times the length of the harvester.

This is a preview of subscription content, log in to check access.

Fig. 1
Fig. 2
Fig. 3
Fig. 4
Fig. 5
Fig. 6
Fig. 7
Fig. 8
Fig. 9

References

  1. Aboulfotoh N, Twiefel J (2018) On developing an optimal design procedure for a bimorph piezoelectric cantilever energy harvester under a predefined volume. Mech Syst Signal Process 106:1–12

  2. Avvari PV, Yang Y, Soh CK (2017) Long-term fatigue behavior of a cantilever piezoelectric energy harvester. J Intell Mater Syst Struct 28(9):1188–1210

  3. Bai Y, Jantunen H, Juuti J (2018) Energy harvesting research: the road from single source to multisource. Adv Mater 30(34):1707271

  4. Chandrasekaran S, Bowen C, Roscow J et al (2018) Micro-scale to nano-scale generators for energy harvesting: self powered piezoelectric, triboelectric and hybrid devices. Phys Rep 792:1–33

  5. Díez PL, Gabilondo I, Alarcón E, Moll F (2018) A comprehensive method to taxonomize mechanical energy harvesting technologies. In: 2018 IEEE international symposium on circuits and systems (ISCAS), pp 1–5

  6. Elahi H, Eugeni M, Gaudenzi P (2018) A review on mechanisms for piezoelectric-based energy harvesters. Energies 11(7):1850

  7. Febbo M, Machado SP, Gatti CD, Ramirez JM (2017) An out-of-plane rotational energy harvesting system for low frequency environments. Energy Convers Manag 152:166–175

  8. Fu X, Liao WH (2019) Modeling and analysis of piezoelectric energy harvesting with dynamic plucking mechanism. J Vib Acoust 141(3):031002

  9. Fu H, Yeatman EM (2017) A methodology for low-speed broadband rotational energy harvesting using piezoelectric transduction and frequency up-conversion. Energy 125:152–161

  10. Fu H, Yeatman EM (2019) Rotational energy harvesting using bi-stability and frequency up-conversion for low-power sensing applications: theoretical modelling and experimental validation. Mech Syst Signal Process 125:229–244

  11. Gu L, Livermore C (2010) Passive self-tuning energy harvester for extracting energy from rotational motion. Appl Phys Lett 97(8):081904

  12. Guan M, Liao WH (2016) Design and analysis of a piezoelectric energy harvester for rotational motion system. Energy Convers Manag 111:239–244

  13. Hsu JC, Tseng CT, Chen YS (2014) Analysis and experiment of self-frequency-tuning piezoelectric energy harvesters for rotational motion. Smart Mater Struct 23(7):075013

  14. Janphuang P, Lockhart RA, Isarakorn D, Henein S, Briand D, de Rooij NF (2015) Harvesting energy from a rotating gear using an AFM-like MEMS piezoelectric frequency up-converting energy harvester. J Microelectromech Syst 24(3):742–754

  15. Khameneifar F, Arzanpour S, Moallem M (2013) A piezoelectric energy harvester for rotary motion applications: design and experiments. IEEE-ASME Trans Mechatron 18(5):1527–1534

  16. Lockhart R, Janphuang P, Briand D, de Rooij NF (2014) A wearable system of micromachined piezoelectric cantilevers coupled to a rotational oscillating mass for on-body energy harvesting. In: 2014 IEEE 27th international conference on micro electro mechanical systems (MEMS), pp 370–373

  17. Pillatsch P, Yeatman EM, Holmes AS (2014) A piezoelectric frequency up-converting energy harvester with rotating proof mass for human body applications. Sens Actuat A Phys 206:178–185

  18. Tang X, Wang X, Cattley R, Gu F, Ball A (2018) Energy harvesting technologies for achieving self-powered wireless sensor networks in machine condition monitoring: a review. Sensors 18(12):4113

  19. Wei C, Jing X (2017) A comprehensive review on vibration energy harvesting: modelling and realization. Renew Sustain Energy Rev 74:1–18

  20. Xie Z, Xiong J, Zhang D, Wang T, Shao Y, Huang W (2018) Design and experimental investigation of a piezoelectric rotation energy harvester using bistable and frequency up-conversion mechanisms. Appl Sci Basel 8(9):1418

  21. Yang Z, Zhou S, Zu J, Inman D (2018) High-performance piezoelectric energy harvesters and their applications. Joule 2(4):642–697

  22. Zou HX, Zhang WM, Li WB, Gao QH, Wei KX, Peng ZK, Meng G (2017) Design, modeling and experimental investigation of a magnetically coupled flextensional rotation energy harvester. Smart Mater Struct 26(11):115023

Download references

Acknowledgements

This work was supported by National Key R&D Program of China (no. 2018YFF0212201 and no. 2016YFF0101802), National Nature Science Fund of China (no. 61973227), Tianjin Key R&D Program (no. 19YFSLQY00080) and Natural Science Foundation of Tianjin (no. 17JCYBJC19300).

Author information

Correspondence to Yu Zhang.

Ethics declarations

Conflict of interest

The authors declared no potential conflicts of interest with respect to the research, authorship, and/or publication of this article.

Additional information

Publisher's Note

Springer Nature remains neutral with regard to jurisdictional claims in published maps and institutional affiliations.

Rights and permissions

Reprints and Permissions

About this article

Verify currency and authenticity via CrossMark

Cite this article

Rui, X., Zeng, Z., Zhang, Y. et al. A design method for low-frequency rotational piezoelectric energy harvesting in micro applications. Microsyst Technol 26, 981–991 (2020). https://doi.org/10.1007/s00542-019-04628-4

Download citation