Microsystem Technologies

, Volume 25, Issue 12, pp 4567–4575 | Cite as

Improvement of dye sensitized solar cell photovoltaic performance by using a ZnO-semiconductor processed by reaction bonded

  • C. E. Velazquez-Gonzalez
  • E. N. Armendariz-Mireles
  • W. J. Pech-Rodriguez
  • D. González-Quijano
  • E. Rocha-RangelEmail author
Technical Paper


In this work activation of ZnO powders was achieved by using high energy ball milling combined with reaction bonded process. Herein, highly active ZnO photocatalyst was synthesized by mixing zinc oxide powder (ZnOraw) with the metallic Zn powder in a planetary-type mill. Results of X-ray diffraction of the synthesized ZnO, shown reflections peaks attributed to the wurtzite crystalline structure of ZnO with crystallite size around 24 nm. To evaluate the effect of mechanochemical activation of ZnO for the dye sensitized solar cell performance, the obtained photocatalysts was used as photoanode and its electrical performance was measured. From the V–I curve it was found that the short circuit current (Jsc) for the ZnOraw was 2.93 mA cm−2 and for the activated-ZnO a Jsc of 7.5 mA cm−2, the short circuit current was improved in approximately three times. Concluding that solid-state reaction is a facile and promising method for the large-scale production of activated-ZnO photocatalytic materials.



Authors appreciate the support of the Mexican National Council for Science and Technology (CONACYT) for the scholarship provided to C.E.V.G. The authors acknowledge Dr. Francisco Javier Rodríguez Varela and MSc Perla Cecilia Meléndez González for their helpful suggestion during this study.


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Manufacture of Advanced MaterialsPolytechnic University of Victoria, Parque Científico y Tecnológico de TamaulipasCiudad VictoriaMexico
  2. 2.Department of Biomedical Engineering Centro de Ciencias de la IngenieríaUniversidad Autónoma de AguascalientesAguascalientesMexico

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