Nanofluid turbulent forced convection through a solar flat plate collector with Al2O3 nanoparticles

  • Seyyed Ali Farshad
  • M. Sheikholeslami
  • Seyed Hossein Hosseini
  • Ahmad Shafee
  • Zhixiong LiEmail author
Technical Paper


A numerical approach has been offered in this investigation regarding the turbulent three-dimensional flow due to utilizing twisted tape insets. Solar heat flux was employed to augment the temperature of nanomaterial. Streamline and velocity as well as turbulent intensity are shown in contours. In addition, the simulations with FVM accomplish to capture the behavior of thermal performance with variation of Reynolds number, diameter ratio and number of revolution. Selecting lower diameter ratio results in the thicker thermal boundary layer. Thermal performance is directly proportional to both geometric variables.

List of symbols


Diameter ratio




Heat flux


Pitch length


Nusselt number




Turbulent kinetic energy


Turbulence intensity


Computational fluid dynamics

Greek symbols


Dissipation rate


Turbulent thermal diffusivity

\(\sigma_{\varepsilon }\)

Turbulent Prandtl number for \(\varepsilon\)



Kinetic energy




Twisted tape


Plain tube



This article was supported by the National Sciences Foundation of China (NSFC) (No. U1610109), Taishan Scholar and ARC DECRA (No. DE190100931). In addition, the authors acknowledge the funding support of Babol Noshirvani University of Technology through Grant Program No. BNUT/390051/98.


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Seyyed Ali Farshad
    • 1
    • 2
  • M. Sheikholeslami
    • 1
    • 2
  • Seyed Hossein Hosseini
    • 1
    • 2
  • Ahmad Shafee
    • 3
  • Zhixiong Li
    • 4
    • 5
    Email author
  1. 1.Department of Mechanical EngineeringBabol Noshirvani University of TechnologyBabolIran
  2. 2.Renewable Energy Systems and Nanofluid Applications in Heat Transfer LaboratoryBabol Noshirvani University of TechnologyBabolIran
  3. 3.Applied Science Department, College of Technological StudiesPublic Authority of Applied Education and TrainingShuwaikhKuwait
  4. 4.School of EngineeringOcean University of ChinaQingdaoChina
  5. 5.School of Mechanical, Materials, Mechatronic and Biomedical EngineeringUniversity of WollongongWollongongAustralia

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