Performance analysis of silicon-based frequency reconfigurable monopole

  • Han SuEmail author
  • Huiyong Hu
  • Yang Qiu
  • Pedram Mousavi
Technical Paper


A silicon-based high integration frequency reconfigurable monopole is demonstrated in this paper. To meet the development of the modern communication systems, a high resistivity silicon wafer is used as the monopole substrate to improve the integration of antenna systems, and manufacturing technology for this monopole is compatible with the traditional silicon machining processes. Based on the optimized structural parameters, the monopole’s resonant frequencies at 3.73 GHz and 3.85 GHz have been achieved by changing the active length of this antenna, and the radiation efficiencies of the reconfigurable antenna at two working states are 78.66% and 73.17%, respectively. Other radiation characteristics of this monopole also shown good performance in this paper. Simulation and experimental results show excellent agreement, which have shown the validity of the antenna design. Therefore, this antenna is more suitable for modern wireless communications, and a novel high integration solid state plasma reconfigurable antenna based on silicon-based surface PiN diodes will be designed for further investigation.



This study was funded by National Natural Science Foundation of China (61474085).

Compliance with ethical standards

Conflict of interest

The authors declare that they have no competing interests.


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Wide Bandgap Semiconductor Technology Disciplines State Key Laboratory, School of MicroelectronicsXidian UniversityXi’anChina
  2. 2.Department of Mechanical EngineeringUniversity of AlbertaEdmontonCanada
  3. 3.Department of Mechanical Engineering and Department of Electrical and Computer EngineeringUniversity of AlbertaEdmontonCanada

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