Analyze of entropy generation for NEPCM melting process inside a heat storage system

  • M. SheikholeslamiEmail author
  • M. Jafaryar
  • Ahmad Shafee
  • Zhixiong Li
Technical Paper


The purpose of current article is to simulate melting of NEPCM inside a cylinder with V shaped fins. Two dimensional transient formulations were modeled via finite volume method. Copper oxide nanoparticles were dispersed into paraffin. Second law treatments during melting are reported. Outputs illustrate that thermal entropy generation detracts with augment of temperature. Temperature rises as time progress due to stronger buoyancy forces.

List of symbols




Nano-enhanced PCM


Fusion temperature


Mushy zone constant


Thermal conductivity


Latent heat coefficient

Greek symbols


Nanoparticle volume fraction


Fluid density


Thermal diffusivity (m2/s)














This paper was supported by the National Sciences Foundation of China (NSFC) (No. U1610109), Australia ARC DECRA (No. DE190100931) and Taishan Scholar of Shandong. Besides, the authors acknowledge the funding support of Babol Noshirvani University of Technology through Grant program No. BNUT/390051/97.


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • M. Sheikholeslami
    • 1
    • 2
    Email author
  • M. Jafaryar
    • 2
    • 3
  • Ahmad Shafee
    • 4
    • 5
  • Zhixiong Li
    • 6
    • 7
  1. 1.Department of Mechanical EngineeringBabol Noshirvani University of TechnologyBabolIslamic Republic of Iran
  2. 2.Renewable Energy Systems and Nanofluid Applications in Heat Transfer LaboratoryBabol Noshirvani University of TechnologyBabolIran
  3. 3.MR CFD LLCTbilisiGeorgia
  4. 4.FAST, University Tun Hussein Onn MalaysiaParit RajaMalaysia
  5. 5.Applied Science DepartmentCollege of Technological Studies, Public Authority of Applied Education and TrainingShuwaikhKuwait
  6. 6.School of EngineeringOcean University of ChinaQingdaoChina
  7. 7.School of Mechanical, Materials, Mechatronic and Biomedical EngineeringUniversity of WollongongWollongongAustralia

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