A CPW-fed flexible UWB antenna for IoT applications
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In order to keep pace with the growing research and development on flexible and reconfigurable electronics, this research presents an inkjet printed ultra-wideband (UWB) flexible antenna on photo paper. The antenna pattern comprises a circular patch with the double stepped symmetric ground plane and is fed by a coplanar waveguide (CPW) technique on one-sided photo paper. The system is designed, simulated, fabricated, and tested experimentally. It operates over 3.2–30 GHz (161% fractional bandwidth, FBW) range with a return loss of − 10 dB or less and a voltage standing wave ratio (VSWR) < 2. The proposed monopole antenna is of dimensions 33.1 mm × 32.7 mm × 0.254 mm with an electrical size of 0.35 λ × 0.35 λ at 3.2 GHz frequency. This design exhibits nearly omnidirectional radiation pattern over the entire impedance bandwidth. An average gain of 4.87 and a radiation efficiency of 86.61% was observed. The miniature size, higher operating range, relatively constant radiation pattern along with higher acceptable peak gain of the antenna on a paper substrate lend itself to wearable and Internet of Things (IoT) applications.
This material is based upon work by the National Science Foundation under Grant no. 1503634.
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