Advertisement

Design and optimization of a trapezoidal beam array energy harvester with operating wide speed rang for TPMS application

  • Licheng DengEmail author
  • Ju Qi
  • Yuming Fang
  • Debo Wang
  • Beiyuan Wu
  • Zhiyu Wen
Technical Paper
  • 47 Downloads

Abstracts

A tire pressure monitoring systems (TPMS) can effectively improve the safety traffic and air fuel efficiency. As a results, it is mandatory to install in automobile tires in some developed countries. So in recent years the vibration energy harvester (EH) applied to TPMS has increasing attention. One of major challenges of the harvester is to widen the operating speed rang of these harvesters which will determine whether the harvester can really be applied to TPMS. Base on that the large vibrations will be occurred when the tire is in contact with the road surface, a trapezoidal beam array EH which can operate in wide speed rang was proposed in this paper. In order to optimize the proposed harvester, a numerical analysis of the vibration characteristics of the tire was performed, and an optimization method called stress normalization method which is different from the traditional optimization method of EH is proposed, then the optimization of the EH was performed with ANSYS. The optimization results show that the average power output of the proposed EH is 42.0–437.2 μW at the rolling speed from 40 to 120 km/h, and electric energy output in one rolling cycle of the proposed harvester is 6.62–23.0 μJ at the rolling speed from 40 to 120 km/h, which can achieve TPMS power supply within a wide speed range.

Notes

Acknowledgements

This work were sponsored by NUPTSF (Grant No. NY215006 and Grant No. NY217040) and Postgraduate Research and Practice Innovation Program of Jiangsu Province (Grant No. SJCX17_0231).

References

  1. Bowen CR, Arafa MH (2015) Energy harvesting technologies for tire pressure monitoring systems. Adv Energy Mater 5:991–1001CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Deng L, Wen Z, Zhao X (2018) MEMS piezoelectric vibration energy harvesters. In: Huang Q (ed) Micro electro mechanical systems. Springer, Singapore, pp 1297–1333CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Elfrink R, Kamel TM, Goedbloed M et al (2009) Vibration energy harvesting with aluminum nitride-based piezoelectric devices. J Micromech Microeng 19:94005CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Eshghi AT, Lee S, Sadoughi MK et al. (2018) Experimental verification of tire energy harvester designed via reliability based design optimization method. In: Active and passive smart structures and integrated systems XIISPIE, 14Google Scholar
  5. Fan F, Tian Z, Wang ZL (2012) Flexible triboelectric generator. Nano Energy 1:328–334CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Gu L, Livermore C (2012) Compact passively self-tuning energy harvesting for rotating applications. Smart Mater Struct 21:15002CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. Khameneifar F, Arzanpour S, Moallem M (2013) A piezoelectric energy harvester for rotary motion applications: design and experiments. IEEE/ASME Trans Mechatron 18:1527–1534CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. Kubba AE, Jiang K (2014) A comprehensive study on technologies of tyre monitoring systems and possible energy solutions. SENSORS 14:10306CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. Löhndorf M, Kvisterøy T, Westby E et al (2007) Evaluation of energy harvesting concepts for tire pressure monitoring systems. PowerMEMS 2007:331–334Google Scholar
  10. Pallapa M, Aly M, Aly S et al. (2010) Modeling and simulation of a piezoelectric micro-power generator. In: Proceedings of the COMSOL Conference, BostonGoogle Scholar
  11. Périsse J (2002) A study of radial vibrations of a rolling tyre for tyre-road noise characterisation. Mech Syst Signal Process 16:1043–1058CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. Qian J, Kim DS, Lee DW (2018) On-vehicle triboelectric nanogenerator enabled self-powered sensor for tire pressure monitoring. Nano Energy 49:126–136CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. Rouf I, Miller R, Mustafa H et al. (2010) Security and privacy vulnerabilities of in-car wireless networks: a tire pressure monitoring system case study. In: Usenix security symposium, Washington, DC, USA, 11–13 Aug 2010, Proceedings, pp 323–338Google Scholar
  14. Roundy S (2008) Energy harvesting for tire pressure monitoring systems: design considerations. Technical digest powermemsGoogle Scholar
  15. Roundy S, Tola J (2014) Energy harvester for rotating environments using offset pendulum and nonlinear dynamics. Smart Mater Struct 23:105004CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. Roundy S, Wright PK (2004) A piezoelectric vibration based generator for wireless electronics. Smart Mater Struct 13:1131–1142CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. Singh KB, Bedekar V, Taheri S et al (2012) Piezoelectric vibration energy harvesting system with an adaptive frequency tuning mechanism for intelligent tires. Mechatronics 22:970–988CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. Suzuki Y (2011) Recent progress in MEMS electret generator for energy harvesting. IEEJ Trans Electr Electron Eng 6:101–111CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. Tan Y, Dong Y, Wang X (2017) Review of MEMS electromagnetic vibration energy harvester. J Microelectromechanical Syst 26:1–16CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. Toghi Eshghi A, Lee S, Kazem Sadoughi M et al (2017) Design optimization under uncertainty and speed variability for a piezoelectric energy harvester powering a tire pressure monitoring sensor. Smart Mater Struct 26:105037CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. Trabaldo E, Köhler E, Staaf H et al (2014) Simulation of a Novel Bridge MEMS-PZT energy harvester for tire pressure system. J Phys: Conf Ser 557:12041Google Scholar
  22. Velupillai S, Guvenc L (2007) Tire pressure monitoring. Control Syst IEEE 27:22–25CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. Wang YJ, Chen CD, Lin CC et al (2015a) A nonlinear suspended energy harvester for a tire pressure monitoring system. Micromachines 6:312–327CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. Wang YJ, Hao YT, Lin HY (2015b) Design of a weighted-rotor energy harvester based on dynamic analysis and optimization of circular Halbach array magnetic disk. Micromachines 6:375–389CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. Wang YJ, Tsung-Yi C, Yu JH et al (2017) Design and kinetic analysis of piezoelectric energy harvesters with self-adjusting resonant frequency. Smart Mater Struct 26:95037CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. Wu X, Parmar M, Lee DW (2014) A seesaw-structured energy harvester with superwide bandwidth for TPMS application. IEEE/ASME Trans Mechatron 19:1514–1522CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. Yamagishi K, Jenkins JT (1980a) Singular perturbation solutions of the circumferential contact problem for the belted radial truck and bus tire. J Appl Mech 47:679–684CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  28. Yamagishi K, Jenkins JT (1980b) The circumferential contact problem for the belted radial tire. J Appl Mech 47:1142–1181zbMATHGoogle Scholar
  29. Zepeng W, Feng G, Guoyan X et al (2007) Modeling and numerical analysis of temperature field of automobile tire and its influencing factors. Trans Chin Soc Agric Mach 38:37–41Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Licheng Deng
    • 1
    • 2
    Email author
  • Ju Qi
    • 1
  • Yuming Fang
    • 1
  • Debo Wang
    • 1
  • Beiyuan Wu
    • 1
  • Zhiyu Wen
    • 2
  1. 1.College of Electronic and Opticl Engineering and College of MicroelectronicsNanjing University of Posts and TelecommunicationsNanjingChina
  2. 2.Defense Key Disciplines Lab of Novel Micro-nano Devices and System Technology, Chongqing UniversityChongqingChina

Personalised recommendations