Microsystem Technologies

, Volume 24, Issue 12, pp 4703–4728 | Cite as

Insects locomotion, piercing, sucking and stinging mechanisms

  • Bharat BhushanEmail author
Review Paper


This paper provides an overview of lessons from mosquitoes’ locomotion and their painless piercing and from wasp stinging. Based on the understanding, conceptual schematics of bioinspired microneedle designs are presented for biomedical applications. In the first part, mosquitoes locomotory attributes, which are used by them to hunt a host, are described. Next, microanatomy, feeding process, and nanomechanical properties data of mosquitoes’ labrum are presented. A hypothesis behind the painless piercing is presented followed by mosquito-inspired microneedle design guidelines. In the second part, wasp anatomy and stinging process are described. Their structure and nanomechanical properties data, modeling of the penetration process, and stinger-inspired microneedle design guidelines are presented.



The research reported in this paper is based on a joint research carried out in collaboration between Prof. Navin Kumar of IIT, Ropar, India and the author. The research was initiated when the author visited IIT, Ropar, India in December 2016, under the auspices of Global Initiative of Academic Networks (GIAN) in Higher Education by Government of India.


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Nanoprobe Laboratory for Bio & Nanotechnology and Biomimetics (NLBB)Ohio State UniversityColumbusUSA

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