Microsystem Technologies

, Volume 12, Issue 1–2, pp 63–68 | Cite as

Glass frit bonding: an universal technology for wafer level encapsulation and packaging

Technical paper


This paper reports on glass frit wafer bonding, which is a universally usable technology for wafer level encapsulation and packaging. After explaining the principle and the process flow of glass frit bonding, experimental results are shown. Glass frit bonding technology enables bonding of surface materials commonly used in MEMS technology. It allows hermetic sealing and a high process yield. Metal lead throughs at the bond interface are possible, because of the planarizing glass interlayer. Examples of surface micromachined sensors demonstrate the potential of glass–frit bonding.


Wafer bonding Surface micro machining Glass frit 



The author would like thank Mr. M. Wiemer and Mr. J. Frömel, Fraunhofer Institute for Reliability and Micro Integration Chemnitz for cooperation and optimizing the screen printing process. I would also like to thank the colleagues at X-FAB for the help and support during the development of the glass frit bonding technology.


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 2005

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.X-FAB Semiconductor Foundries AGErfurtGermany

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