Evaluation of tracheal intubation in several positions by the Pentax-AWS Airway Scope: a manikin study
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In emergency situations, rescuers must occasionally secure the airway while the patient is in a restricted position rather than in the ideal supine position. We hypothesized that the Pentax-AWS Airway Scope (AWS) may be useful for emergent tracheal intubation in such positions.
Thirteen non-anesthesia residents performed tracheal intubation on a simulated manikin in the supine (Supine), left-lateral decubitus (Left-LT), right-lateral decubitus (Right-LT), prone (Prone), and sitting (Sitting) position, respectively, to assess AWS performance.
Intubations were successful in all five positions. The time needed to secure the airway did not differ significantly between the Left-LT and Supine positions. Doctors required significantly more time to secure the airway in the Prone, Sitting, and Right-LT positions than in the Supine position. Visual analog scale (VAS) scoring of the subjective difficulty of laryngoscopy was lower in the Supine position rather than in the Right-LT, Prone, and Sitting positions. The VAS score of subjective difficulty of tracheal tube passage through the glottis was significantly higher in the Sitting position than in the other four positions.
Although tracheal intubations with AWS in all five positions tested were successful, intubation with the patient in the Sitting, Right-LT, and Prone positions was more difficult and required more time than that in the Supine position.
KeywordsPentax-Airway Scope Tracheal intubation Manikin Body position
Financial support for the study was provided by our institution and department.
Conflict of interest
The authors have no affiliation with any manufacturer of any device described in the manuscript and declare no financial interest in relation to the material described in the manuscript.