Duodenal cancer in a patient with Peutz-Jeghers syndrome: molecular analysis
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and K-ras genes, which is a critical step for the adenoma-carcinoma sequence in colon cancer. Importantly, a germline mutation of the STK11 gene was detected at codon 281 delC in exon 6. Moreover, the tumor showed loss of heterozygosity of the 19p marker near STK11 and somatic mutation of the p53 gene. These findings suggest that STK11 is a tumor suppressor gene regulating the development of hamartomas, and that somatic mutation of p53 subsequently promotes gastrointestinal cancer at a later stage in PJS.
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