Real-world virological efficacy and safety of elbasvir and grazoprevir in patients with chronic hepatitis C virus genotype 1 infection in Japan
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The real-world virological efficacy and safety of an interferon (IFN)-free direct-acting antiviral (DAA) therapy with elbasvir (EBR) and grazoprevir (GZR) were evaluated in Japanese patients chronically infected with hepatitis C virus (HCV) genotype 1.
The rate of sustained virologic response (SVR) and safety were analyzed in patients who started the EBR/GZR regimen between November 2016 and July 2017. SVR rates were compared based on patient baseline characteristics.
Overall, 371 of 381 patients (97.4%) achieved SVR. Multivariate analysis identified a history of failure to IFN-free DAA therapy and the presence of double resistance-associated substitutions (RASs) in HCV non-structural protein 5A (NS5A) as factors significantly associated with failure to EBR/GZR treatment. The SVR rates of patients with a history of IFN-free DAA therapy and those with double RASs were 55.6 and 63.6%, respectively. In all other subpopulations, the SVR rates were more than 90%. There were no severe adverse events associated with the treatment.
The EBR/GZR regimen yielded high virological efficacy with acceptable safety. Patients with a history of failure to IFN-free DAA therapy or with double RASs in HCV-NS5A remained difficult to treat with this regimen.
KeywordsChronic hepatitis C Genotype 1 Elbasvir Grazoprevir Efficacy Safety Real world
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